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Table 2

Results reported by case-control studies evaluating the effect of alcoholic beverages on lung cancer riska

StudyComparisonBeerComparisonWineComparisonLiquorComments
Mettlin, 1989 (U.S.) (13) Never 1.0 (same) 1.0 (same) 1.0 M and F combined adjusted for sex, pack-yr and other factors 
 <1 time/wk 0.5 (0.3–0.8)  0.5 (0.4–0.8)  0.7 (0.5–1.0)  
 4–9 times/wk 0.7 (0.4–1.2)  0.8 (0.4–1.5)  0.6 (0.4–0.9)  
 10+ times/wk 1.3 (0.8–2.1)  0.9 (0.4–2.5)  0.6 (0.4–1.1)  
Bandera et al., 1992 (U.S.) (20) 40+ vs. 0 beers/mo 1.9 (1.1–3.4) 2+ vs. 0 drinks/mo 0.7 (0.5–1.1) 9+ vs. 0 drinks/mo 1.1 (0.7–1.6) White M 
  P for trend <0.01  P for trend 0.4  P for trend 0.1  
De Stefani et al., 1993 (Uruguay) (24) (ml of pure ethanol/day) Nondrinker  (ml of pure ethanol/day)  (ml of pure ethanol/day)  
   1.0  Nondrinker  1.0 Nondrinker 1.0 
 1–9 0.7 (0.3–2.5) 1–36 1.2 (0.7–2.2) 1–34 0.9 (0.6–1.6)  
 10–59 1.4 (0.4–6.2) 37–120 1.3 (0.7–3.1) 35–115 1.3 (0.8–2.6)  
 60+ (1 l. of beer/day) 3.4 (1.3–15.2) 121+ (1 liter of wine/day) 1.5 (0.9–3.3) 116+ (.25 l. liquor/day) 1.1 (0.6–1.4)  
  P for trend 0.02  P for trend 0.09  P for trend 0.5  
Mayne et al., 1994 (U.S.) (38) Highest quartile compared with lowest 1.2  Not presented  Not presented Nonsmokers 
  (CI not presented, includes one)     Adjusted for prior cigarette use. M and F combined, not adjusted for sex 
  P for trend >0.05      
De Stefani et al., 1996 (Uruguay) (27) Drinkers vs. never-drinkers of beer and liquor 1.9 (0.96–3.7)  Not presented (same) 1.4 (0.98–2.1) M + F combined adjusted for sex, pack-yr and other factors 
Rachtan et al., 1997 (Poland) (30)  Adjusted OR not presented  Adjusted OR not presented Nondrinker 1.0 F Adjusted for pack-yr and carrot consumption 
     1–2 times/mo 2.6 (1.2–5.5)  
     1+ times/mo 7.5 (0.8–71.0)  
      P for trend 0.003  
Carpenter et al., 1998 (U.S.) (31) Never-3 drinks/mo 1.0 (same) 1.0 (same) 1.0 M + F adjusted for sex 
 1–6 drinks/wk 0.3 (0.2–0.7)  0.7 (0.4–1.3)  1.2 (0.7–2.2)  
 1+ drinks/day 0.9 (0.4–1.7)  0.8 (0.3–1.9)  1.9 (1.0–3.4)  
  P for trend 0.45  P for trend 0.66  P for trend 0.06  
StudyComparisonBeerComparisonWineComparisonLiquorComments
Mettlin, 1989 (U.S.) (13) Never 1.0 (same) 1.0 (same) 1.0 M and F combined adjusted for sex, pack-yr and other factors 
 <1 time/wk 0.5 (0.3–0.8)  0.5 (0.4–0.8)  0.7 (0.5–1.0)  
 4–9 times/wk 0.7 (0.4–1.2)  0.8 (0.4–1.5)  0.6 (0.4–0.9)  
 10+ times/wk 1.3 (0.8–2.1)  0.9 (0.4–2.5)  0.6 (0.4–1.1)  
Bandera et al., 1992 (U.S.) (20) 40+ vs. 0 beers/mo 1.9 (1.1–3.4) 2+ vs. 0 drinks/mo 0.7 (0.5–1.1) 9+ vs. 0 drinks/mo 1.1 (0.7–1.6) White M 
  P for trend <0.01  P for trend 0.4  P for trend 0.1  
De Stefani et al., 1993 (Uruguay) (24) (ml of pure ethanol/day) Nondrinker  (ml of pure ethanol/day)  (ml of pure ethanol/day)  
   1.0  Nondrinker  1.0 Nondrinker 1.0 
 1–9 0.7 (0.3–2.5) 1–36 1.2 (0.7–2.2) 1–34 0.9 (0.6–1.6)  
 10–59 1.4 (0.4–6.2) 37–120 1.3 (0.7–3.1) 35–115 1.3 (0.8–2.6)  
 60+ (1 l. of beer/day) 3.4 (1.3–15.2) 121+ (1 liter of wine/day) 1.5 (0.9–3.3) 116+ (.25 l. liquor/day) 1.1 (0.6–1.4)  
  P for trend 0.02  P for trend 0.09  P for trend 0.5  
Mayne et al., 1994 (U.S.) (38) Highest quartile compared with lowest 1.2  Not presented  Not presented Nonsmokers 
  (CI not presented, includes one)     Adjusted for prior cigarette use. M and F combined, not adjusted for sex 
  P for trend >0.05      
De Stefani et al., 1996 (Uruguay) (27) Drinkers vs. never-drinkers of beer and liquor 1.9 (0.96–3.7)  Not presented (same) 1.4 (0.98–2.1) M + F combined adjusted for sex, pack-yr and other factors 
Rachtan et al., 1997 (Poland) (30)  Adjusted OR not presented  Adjusted OR not presented Nondrinker 1.0 F Adjusted for pack-yr and carrot consumption 
     1–2 times/mo 2.6 (1.2–5.5)  
     1+ times/mo 7.5 (0.8–71.0)  
      P for trend 0.003  
Carpenter et al., 1998 (U.S.) (31) Never-3 drinks/mo 1.0 (same) 1.0 (same) 1.0 M + F adjusted for sex 
 1–6 drinks/wk 0.3 (0.2–0.7)  0.7 (0.4–1.3)  1.2 (0.7–2.2)  
 1+ drinks/day 0.9 (0.4–1.7)  0.8 (0.3–1.9)  1.9 (1.0–3.4)  
  P for trend 0.45  P for trend 0.66  P for trend 0.06  
a

Smoking-adjusted ORs and their 95% CIs.

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