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Table 1.

Participant characteristics by race/ethnicity

nLatinos (n = 141)African Americans (n = 144)Caucasians (n = 139)Total sample (n = 424)P
Age (y) 424 36.0 ± 10.2 44.8 ± 9.8 42.9 ± 11.6 41.2 ± 11.2 <0.001* 
Gender (% female) 424 44.7 59.7 56.1 53.5 0.03 
Marital status (% single) 420 51.1 75.5 68.8 65.2 <0.001 
Years of education 420 12.5 ± 2.1 12.8 ± 1.6 13.3 ± 2.2 12.9 ± 2.0 0.004* 
Members of household 419 3.4 ± 1.8 2.5 ± 1.7 2.4 ± 1.6 2.8 ± 1.8 <0.001* 
Annual household income (median) 375 $30,000-39,000 $10,000-19,999 $30,000-39,000 $20,000-29,000 0.001 
Health insurance (% none) 419 46.8 35.0 36.5 39.4 <0.001 
Body mass index 424 31.2 ± 7.1 30.2 ± 7.6 27.9 ± 7.7 29.8 ± 7.6 0.001* 
Heavy smoking (%) 424 63.1 63.2 80.6 68.9 0.001 
Drinks/wk 416 12.1 ± 16.6 6.7 ± 11.9 5.0 ± 9.5 8.0 ± 13.4 <0.001* 
Patient Health Questionnaire alcohol abuse/dependence (%) 421 28.6 17.6 17.3 21.1 0.03 
Binge drinking (past 3 mo; %) 413 56.8 37.0 35.3 43.1 <0.001 
Binge drinking episodes (past 3 mo) 413 6.3 ± 16.9 1.92 ± 8.0 1.67 ± 4.3 3.31 ± 11.3 0.001* 
nLatinos (n = 141)African Americans (n = 144)Caucasians (n = 139)Total sample (n = 424)P
Age (y) 424 36.0 ± 10.2 44.8 ± 9.8 42.9 ± 11.6 41.2 ± 11.2 <0.001* 
Gender (% female) 424 44.7 59.7 56.1 53.5 0.03 
Marital status (% single) 420 51.1 75.5 68.8 65.2 <0.001 
Years of education 420 12.5 ± 2.1 12.8 ± 1.6 13.3 ± 2.2 12.9 ± 2.0 0.004* 
Members of household 419 3.4 ± 1.8 2.5 ± 1.7 2.4 ± 1.6 2.8 ± 1.8 <0.001* 
Annual household income (median) 375 $30,000-39,000 $10,000-19,999 $30,000-39,000 $20,000-29,000 0.001 
Health insurance (% none) 419 46.8 35.0 36.5 39.4 <0.001 
Body mass index 424 31.2 ± 7.1 30.2 ± 7.6 27.9 ± 7.7 29.8 ± 7.6 0.001* 
Heavy smoking (%) 424 63.1 63.2 80.6 68.9 0.001 
Drinks/wk 416 12.1 ± 16.6 6.7 ± 11.9 5.0 ± 9.5 8.0 ± 13.4 <0.001* 
Patient Health Questionnaire alcohol abuse/dependence (%) 421 28.6 17.6 17.3 21.1 0.03 
Binge drinking (past 3 mo; %) 413 56.8 37.0 35.3 43.1 <0.001 
Binge drinking episodes (past 3 mo) 413 6.3 ± 16.9 1.92 ± 8.0 1.67 ± 4.3 3.31 ± 11.3 0.001* 
*

P value based on ANOVA test for differences between racial/ethnic groups.

P value based on χ2 test for differences between racial/ethnic groups.

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