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Table 5.

Adjusted geometric means and 95% confidence intervals of pregnancy hormone concentrations for women with ≥13 years of education

Hispanics (n = 32)African-Americans (n = 40)Caucasians (n = 147)
Androstenedione (ng/mL) 3.04 (2.7-3.5)c 3.65 (3.3-4.1)a,c 2.81 (2.7-3.0)a 
Testosterone (ng/dL) 52.5 (43.4-63.4)b,c 69.7 (59.0-82.5)a,c 40.0 (36.7-43.7)a,b 
DHEAS (μg/dL) 86 (72-105) 89 (75-107) 104 (95-114) 
Estradiol (pg/mL) 1,692 (1,428-2,005) 1,752 (1,507-2,036) 1,582 (1,463-1,712) 
Estrone (pg/mL) 529 (412-678) 553 (444-689) 499 (444-559) 
Progesterone (ng/mL) 39.6 (34.3-45.6)c 49.0 (43.2-55.6)c 44.4 (41.6-47.4) 
Prolactin (ng/mL) 35.7 (29.1-43.7) 37.8 (31.6-45.3)c 30.5 (27.8-33.5)c 
SHBG (nmol/L) 227 (200-256) 212 (190-236) 209 (197-221) 
Hispanics (n = 32)African-Americans (n = 40)Caucasians (n = 147)
Androstenedione (ng/mL) 3.04 (2.7-3.5)c 3.65 (3.3-4.1)a,c 2.81 (2.7-3.0)a 
Testosterone (ng/dL) 52.5 (43.4-63.4)b,c 69.7 (59.0-82.5)a,c 40.0 (36.7-43.7)a,b 
DHEAS (μg/dL) 86 (72-105) 89 (75-107) 104 (95-114) 
Estradiol (pg/mL) 1,692 (1,428-2,005) 1,752 (1,507-2,036) 1,582 (1,463-1,712) 
Estrone (pg/mL) 529 (412-678) 553 (444-689) 499 (444-559) 
Progesterone (ng/mL) 39.6 (34.3-45.6)c 49.0 (43.2-55.6)c 44.4 (41.6-47.4) 
Prolactin (ng/mL) 35.7 (29.1-43.7) 37.8 (31.6-45.3)c 30.5 (27.8-33.5)c 
SHBG (nmol/L) 227 (200-256) 212 (190-236) 209 (197-221) 

NOTE: Adjusted for age and gestational age at blood draw (means 30.4 years and 11.3 weeks, respectively). Similar superscripts denote significant difference between the two groups.

a

P ≤ 0.001.

b

P < 0.01.

c

P ≤ 0.05.

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