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Table 2

Risk of fatal stomach cancer by major food groups—CPS II men and women, 1982–1996

Food groupTertileP
(Reference)23
Citrus fruit/juice     
 Men, cases (n334 270 306  
  Age-adjusted 1.00 0.84 (0.71–0.98) 0.75 (0.64–0.87) <0.001 
  Multivariate-adjusteda 1.00 0.94 (0.80–1.11) 0.88 (0.75–1.03) 0.11 
 Women, cases (n156 95 188  
  Age-adjusted 1.00 0.95 (0.73–1.22) 0.85 (0.68–1.05) 0.12 
  Multivariate-adjusted 1.00 1.07 (0.83–1.39) 0.97 (0.78–1.21) 0.79 
Vegetables     
 Men, cases (n336 283 291  
  Age-adjusted 1.00 0.83 (0.71–0.97) 0.76 (0.65–0.89) <0.001 
  Multivariate-adjusted 1.00 0.92 (0.78–1.08) 0.89 (0.76–1.05) 0.17 
 Women, cases (n161 133 145  
  Age-adjusted 1.00 1.04 (0.83–1.31) 1.08 (0.86–1.35) 0.51 
  Multivariate-adjusted 1.00 1.17 (0.93–1.48) 1.25 (0.99–1.58) 0.06 
Whole grains     
 Men, cases (n319 254 337  
  Age-adjusted 1.00 0.87 (0.74–1.03) 0.77 (0.66–0.90) <0.001 
  Multivariate-adjusted 1.00 0.94 (0.79–1.11) 0.90 (0.77–1.06) 0.20 
 Women, cases (n143 153 143  
  Age-adjusted 1.00 1.05 (0.84–1.32) 0.83 (0.66–1.05) 0.11 
  Multivariate-adjusted 1.00 1.14 (0.90–1.43) 0.97 (0.77–1.24) 0.83 
Plant foodsb     
 Men, cases (n360 260 290  
  Age-adjusted 1.00 0.68 (0.58–0.80) 0.65 (0.56–0.76) <0.001 
  Multivariate-adjusted 1.00 0.76 (0.65–0.90) 0.79 (0.67–0.93) 0.003 
 Women, cases (n152 131 156  
  Age-adjusted 1.00 0.92 (0.73–1.17) 0.96 (0.77–1.21) 0.75 
  Multivariate-adjusted 1.00 1.06 (0.83–1.34) 1.18 (0.93–1.50) 0.16 
Processed meat     
 Men, cases (n157 553 200  
  Age-adjusted 1.00 1.06 (0.88–1.26) 1.20 (0.97–1.47) 0.09 
  Multivariate-adjusted 1.00 1.03 (0.86–1.23) 1.08 (0.87–1.33) 0.47 
 Women, cases (n185 130 124  
  Age-adjusted 1.00 0.96 (0.77–1.20) 1.12 (0.89–1.41) 0.39 
  Multivariate-adjusted 1.00 0.99 (0.79–1.24) 1.11 (0.88–1.39) 0.43 
Food groupTertileP
(Reference)23
Citrus fruit/juice     
 Men, cases (n334 270 306  
  Age-adjusted 1.00 0.84 (0.71–0.98) 0.75 (0.64–0.87) <0.001 
  Multivariate-adjusteda 1.00 0.94 (0.80–1.11) 0.88 (0.75–1.03) 0.11 
 Women, cases (n156 95 188  
  Age-adjusted 1.00 0.95 (0.73–1.22) 0.85 (0.68–1.05) 0.12 
  Multivariate-adjusted 1.00 1.07 (0.83–1.39) 0.97 (0.78–1.21) 0.79 
Vegetables     
 Men, cases (n336 283 291  
  Age-adjusted 1.00 0.83 (0.71–0.97) 0.76 (0.65–0.89) <0.001 
  Multivariate-adjusted 1.00 0.92 (0.78–1.08) 0.89 (0.76–1.05) 0.17 
 Women, cases (n161 133 145  
  Age-adjusted 1.00 1.04 (0.83–1.31) 1.08 (0.86–1.35) 0.51 
  Multivariate-adjusted 1.00 1.17 (0.93–1.48) 1.25 (0.99–1.58) 0.06 
Whole grains     
 Men, cases (n319 254 337  
  Age-adjusted 1.00 0.87 (0.74–1.03) 0.77 (0.66–0.90) <0.001 
  Multivariate-adjusted 1.00 0.94 (0.79–1.11) 0.90 (0.77–1.06) 0.20 
 Women, cases (n143 153 143  
  Age-adjusted 1.00 1.05 (0.84–1.32) 0.83 (0.66–1.05) 0.11 
  Multivariate-adjusted 1.00 1.14 (0.90–1.43) 0.97 (0.77–1.24) 0.83 
Plant foodsb     
 Men, cases (n360 260 290  
  Age-adjusted 1.00 0.68 (0.58–0.80) 0.65 (0.56–0.76) <0.001 
  Multivariate-adjusted 1.00 0.76 (0.65–0.90) 0.79 (0.67–0.93) 0.003 
 Women, cases (n152 131 156  
  Age-adjusted 1.00 0.92 (0.73–1.17) 0.96 (0.77–1.21) 0.75 
  Multivariate-adjusted 1.00 1.06 (0.83–1.34) 1.18 (0.93–1.50) 0.16 
Processed meat     
 Men, cases (n157 553 200  
  Age-adjusted 1.00 1.06 (0.88–1.26) 1.20 (0.97–1.47) 0.09 
  Multivariate-adjusted 1.00 1.03 (0.86–1.23) 1.08 (0.87–1.33) 0.47 
 Women, cases (n185 130 124  
  Age-adjusted 1.00 0.96 (0.77–1.20) 1.12 (0.89–1.41) 0.39 
  Multivariate-adjusted 1.00 0.99 (0.79–1.24) 1.11 (0.88–1.39) 0.43 
a

Adjusted for age, education, smoking, BMI, multivitamin and vitamin C use, aspirin use, race, and family history.

b

Plant foods, sum of citrus fruit, vegetables, and whole grain intake. Tertiles: men (<13.5, 13.5 to <21.5, and 21.5+); women (<15.5, 15.5 to <23.5, and 23.5+).

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