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Table 1

Baseline characteristics and risk factors according to food group intake in 436,654 men and 533,391 women from the CPS II, 1982–1996a

Mean age (yr)BMI 30+ (%)Regular aspirin use (%)Current smokers (%)White (%)College education (%)Regular vitamin C users (%)
MenWomenMenWomenMenWomenMenWomenMenWomenMenWomenMenWomen
Citrus fruit/juicesb               
 1 (low) 57 55 11 12 28 26 93 92 26 18 10 
 2 56 54 10 11 19 18 94 93 40 27 10 13 
 3 (high) 58 57 10 10 10 16 17 96 96 46 31 14 16 
Vegetablesc               
 1 (low) 57 56 11 12 26 23 93 91 26 18 10 
 2 57 55 10 10 20 19 95 95 39 27 11 14 
 3 (high) 57 56 10 16 18 96 95 46 33 13 17 
Whole grainsd               
 1 (low) 56 56 11 12 27 26 93 92 29 20 
 2 56 55 11 11 22 20 94 93 38 25 10 12 
 3 (high) 59 57 10 10 14 14 96 95 45 32 15 18 
Processed meate               
 1 (low) 59 57 10 14 19 94 94 43 28 13 15 
 2 57 55 10 10 21 21 95 95 38 25 11 13 
 3 (high) 57 55 11 12 26 21 92 91 30 23 11 
Mean age (yr)BMI 30+ (%)Regular aspirin use (%)Current smokers (%)White (%)College education (%)Regular vitamin C users (%)
MenWomenMenWomenMenWomenMenWomenMenWomenMenWomenMenWomen
Citrus fruit/juicesb               
 1 (low) 57 55 11 12 28 26 93 92 26 18 10 
 2 56 54 10 11 19 18 94 93 40 27 10 13 
 3 (high) 58 57 10 10 10 16 17 96 96 46 31 14 16 
Vegetablesc               
 1 (low) 57 56 11 12 26 23 93 91 26 18 10 
 2 57 55 10 10 20 19 95 95 39 27 11 14 
 3 (high) 57 56 10 16 18 96 95 46 33 13 17 
Whole grainsd               
 1 (low) 56 56 11 12 27 26 93 92 29 20 
 2 56 55 11 11 22 20 94 93 38 25 10 12 
 3 (high) 59 57 10 10 14 14 96 95 45 32 15 18 
Processed meate               
 1 (low) 59 57 10 14 19 94 94 43 28 13 15 
 2 57 55 10 10 21 21 95 95 38 25 11 13 
 3 (high) 57 55 11 12 26 21 92 91 30 23 11 
a

Standardized to the age distribution of all men and women in the CPS II.

b

Tertiles of times/wk: men (<2, 2–6, and 7); women (<3, 3–6, and 7).

c

Vegetables: sum of days/week consuming the following items: green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, cabbage/broccoli/brussels sprouts, carrots, and squash/corn. Tertiles: men (<8, 8–13, and 13+); women (<9, 9 to <14, and 14+).

d

Sum of days/week consuming brown rice/whole wheat/barley, bran/corn muffins, oatmeal/shredded wheat/bran cereals. Tertiles: men (<1, 1 to <4, and 4+); women (<1, 1 to <4.5, and 4.5+).

e

Sum of days/week consuming smoked meats, frankfurters/sausage, fried bacon, and ham. Tertiles: men (<1, 1 to <4.5, and 4.5+); women (<1.5, 1.5 to <3, and 3+).

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