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Meat groupsTypes of meats* included in the different meat groups
All meat Bacon, ham, beef stew 24%, fried fish, fried chicken, hamburgers, hotdogs, lasagna 9%, liver, cold cuts, meatloaf, fish, chicken, pork roast, pork chops, beef roast, sausage, shellfish, pasta 9%, steak, tuna 
    Red meat Bacon, ham, beef stew 24%, hamburgers, hotdogs, lasagna 9%, liver, cold cuts, meatloaf, pork roast, pork chops, beef roast, sausage, pasta 9%, steak 
    White meat Fried chicken, other chicken, fried fish, tuna, shellfish, fish (not fried) 
    Red meat without doneness Ham, beef stew 24%, hotdogs, lasagna 9%, liver, cold cuts, meatloaf, pork roast, beef roast, pasta 9%, steak 
    Red meat with doneness/cooking methods Hamburgers, steak, sausage, bacon, pork chops 
Doneness  
    Red meat rare/medium Hamburgers rare, hamburgers medium, steak rare, steak medium, sausage just, bacon just 
    Red meat well-done Hamburgers well-done, steak well-done, pork chops well-done and ham steaks, hotdog or sausage well-done, and bacon well-done/crisp and breakfast sausage 
Cooking methods  
    Red meat grilled Grilled hamburgers, steak, and pork chops 
    Red meat not grilled Hamburgers, steak, sausage, bacon, pork chops not grilled 
    Red meat broiled Broiled hamburgers, steak, pork chops 
    Red meat not broiled Hamburgers, steak, broiled, sausage, bacon, and pork chops not broiled 
    Red meat fried Pan-fried hamburgers, steak, sausage, bacon, pork chops 
    Red meat not pan-fried Hamburger, steak, pork chop not pan-fried 
    Red processed meat Ham, hotdogs, cold cuts, bacon, sausage, liver 
    Red not processed meat Beef stew 24%, lasagna 9%, pasta 9%, meatloaf, pork roast, beef roast, hamburger, pork, steak 
Meat groupsTypes of meats* included in the different meat groups
All meat Bacon, ham, beef stew 24%, fried fish, fried chicken, hamburgers, hotdogs, lasagna 9%, liver, cold cuts, meatloaf, fish, chicken, pork roast, pork chops, beef roast, sausage, shellfish, pasta 9%, steak, tuna 
    Red meat Bacon, ham, beef stew 24%, hamburgers, hotdogs, lasagna 9%, liver, cold cuts, meatloaf, pork roast, pork chops, beef roast, sausage, pasta 9%, steak 
    White meat Fried chicken, other chicken, fried fish, tuna, shellfish, fish (not fried) 
    Red meat without doneness Ham, beef stew 24%, hotdogs, lasagna 9%, liver, cold cuts, meatloaf, pork roast, beef roast, pasta 9%, steak 
    Red meat with doneness/cooking methods Hamburgers, steak, sausage, bacon, pork chops 
Doneness  
    Red meat rare/medium Hamburgers rare, hamburgers medium, steak rare, steak medium, sausage just, bacon just 
    Red meat well-done Hamburgers well-done, steak well-done, pork chops well-done and ham steaks, hotdog or sausage well-done, and bacon well-done/crisp and breakfast sausage 
Cooking methods  
    Red meat grilled Grilled hamburgers, steak, and pork chops 
    Red meat not grilled Hamburgers, steak, sausage, bacon, pork chops not grilled 
    Red meat broiled Broiled hamburgers, steak, pork chops 
    Red meat not broiled Hamburgers, steak, broiled, sausage, bacon, and pork chops not broiled 
    Red meat fried Pan-fried hamburgers, steak, sausage, bacon, pork chops 
    Red meat not pan-fried Hamburger, steak, pork chop not pan-fried 
    Red processed meat Ham, hotdogs, cold cuts, bacon, sausage, liver 
    Red not processed meat Beef stew 24%, lasagna 9%, pasta 9%, meatloaf, pork roast, beef roast, hamburger, pork, steak 
*

Questions on meat intake were obtained for hamburger/cheeseburger; beef meatloaf/burritos/tacos; steaks; roast beef; beef stew/potpie; hotdogs; lunch meats such as bologna/salami/processed ham; pork chops; pork roast; baked/cured ham; fried chicken; other chicken (roasted/stewed/broiled); liver; fried fish; Tuna/tuna salad/tuna casserole; shellfish (shrimp/crab/lobster); other fish (broiled/baked); bacon; sausage; and gravies made with meat drippings.

For steaks and hamburger patties, we obtained information on cooking methods (pan-fried, oven broiled, and grilled/barbecued) and the typical level of doneness (rare, medium rare, medium, medium well, well, and very well-done). For pork chops we obtained information on cooking methods (baked, grilled/barbecued, fried, broiled), whereas for bacon and sausage we inquired about the doneness level (just until done, well-done or crisp, charred). Cooking methods (roasted/baked, grilled/barbecues, broiled, stewed/boiled) were obtained for chicken that was not fried.

The percentage of meat in mixed-meat dishes, such as lasagna, stew, and pasta, were obtained from the U.S. Department of Agriculture who use national survey data to estimate amount of individual food items in mixed foods.

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