Skip to Main Content
Table 1

Urinary phytoestrogens (nmol/24 h)a

Baseline (n = 18)Control (n = 18)Low-Iso (n = 17)bHigh-Iso (n = 18)
Isoflavonoids     
Genistein 840 (679–1039)c 1564 (1341–1824)d 6608 (5629–7757)e 13148 (11271–15337)f 
Daidzein 1002 (790–1272)c 1569 (1195–2059)d 6688 (5041–8873)e 14059 (10709–18457)f 
Dihydrodaidzein 716 (590–869)c 1071 (865–1325)d 4163 (3329–5206)e 7383 (5966–9137)f 
ODMA 677 (552–830)c 960 (799–1153)d 4900 (4047–5932)e 10405 (8661–12498)f 
Equol 222 (186–266)c 354 (253–497)d 735 (524–1030)e 1097 (782–1537)e 
Glycitein 293 (260–331)c 425 (385–469)d 1739 (1568–1928)e 3674 (3327–4057)f 
Coumestrol 33.1 (30.8–35.5)c,d 31.9 (29.6–34.4)c 33.7 (31.2–36.3)cd 35.4 (32.9–38.1)d 
Lignans     
Enterodiol 345 (298–399)c 291 (221–383)c 511 (383–681)d 553 (420–730)d 
Enterolactone 1306 (1221–1398)c 1382 (1163–1641)c 2404 (2010–2877)d 3820 (3220–4532)e 
Matairesinol 23.6 (22.3–25.0) 25.6 (23.8–27.7) 23.5 (21.7–25.5) 25.6 (23.7–27.6) 
Total 6100 (5466–6807)c 9072 (8199–10039)d 35137 (31619–39046)e 67508 (61006–74703)f 
Baseline (n = 18)Control (n = 18)Low-Iso (n = 17)bHigh-Iso (n = 18)
Isoflavonoids     
Genistein 840 (679–1039)c 1564 (1341–1824)d 6608 (5629–7757)e 13148 (11271–15337)f 
Daidzein 1002 (790–1272)c 1569 (1195–2059)d 6688 (5041–8873)e 14059 (10709–18457)f 
Dihydrodaidzein 716 (590–869)c 1071 (865–1325)d 4163 (3329–5206)e 7383 (5966–9137)f 
ODMA 677 (552–830)c 960 (799–1153)d 4900 (4047–5932)e 10405 (8661–12498)f 
Equol 222 (186–266)c 354 (253–497)d 735 (524–1030)e 1097 (782–1537)e 
Glycitein 293 (260–331)c 425 (385–469)d 1739 (1568–1928)e 3674 (3327–4057)f 
Coumestrol 33.1 (30.8–35.5)c,d 31.9 (29.6–34.4)c 33.7 (31.2–36.3)cd 35.4 (32.9–38.1)d 
Lignans     
Enterodiol 345 (298–399)c 291 (221–383)c 511 (383–681)d 553 (420–730)d 
Enterolactone 1306 (1221–1398)c 1382 (1163–1641)c 2404 (2010–2877)d 3820 (3220–4532)e 
Matairesinol 23.6 (22.3–25.0) 25.6 (23.8–27.7) 23.5 (21.7–25.5) 25.6 (23.7–27.6) 
Total 6100 (5466–6807)c 9072 (8199–10039)d 35137 (31619–39046)e 67508 (61006–74703)f 
a

Because of unequal variance,all data were log-transformed before ANOVA. Geometric means (95%confidence intervals) are presented in the table. Within a row, means not sharing a superscript (c, d, e, or f)are significantly different (P < 0.05). When data were analyzed relative to urinary creatinine (nmol phytoestrogens/mmol creatinine), the same results were obtained.

b

One subject did not collect urine samples at the end of the low-iso diet period.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal