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Table 2.

Multinomial logistic regression model comparing current smokers with never and former smokers

Never smokers (vs. current smokers)Former smokers (vs. current smokers)
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
Age 1.04a (1.02–1.05) 1.06a (1.05–1.08) 
Gender 
 Female (Ref) 1.0 1.0 
 Male 0.60b (0.43–0.82) 1.23 (0.85–1.57) 
Education 
 ≤High school (Ref) 1.0 1.0 
 >High school 1.54c (1.10–2.14) 1.19 (0.85–1.62) 
Income 
 <$19,999 (Ref) 1.0 1.0 
 $20,000–$39,999 1.71c (1.08–2.72) 2.03b (1.27–3.24) 
 $40,000–$74,999 1.95b (1.25–3.05) 2.36a (1.50–3.71) 
 ≥$75,000 4.17a (2.48–7.01) 4.13a (2.43–7.01) 
Mental health treatment 
 None (Ref) 1.0 1.0 
 Treatment in last 5 years 0.56d 0.83 (0.59–1.17) 
Alcohol quantity 
 None (Ref) 1.0 1.0 
 1 drink/d 0.66c (0.45–0.97) 1.05 (0.71–1.55) 
 2 or more drinks/d 0.23a (0.15–0.33) 0.59b (0.41–0.87) 
Physical functioning 1.04a (1.02–1.05) 1.02b (1.01–1.04) 
BMI 1.09a (1.06–1.12) 1.08a (1.05–1.11) 
Never smokers (vs. current smokers)Former smokers (vs. current smokers)
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
Age 1.04a (1.02–1.05) 1.06a (1.05–1.08) 
Gender 
 Female (Ref) 1.0 1.0 
 Male 0.60b (0.43–0.82) 1.23 (0.85–1.57) 
Education 
 ≤High school (Ref) 1.0 1.0 
 >High school 1.54c (1.10–2.14) 1.19 (0.85–1.62) 
Income 
 <$19,999 (Ref) 1.0 1.0 
 $20,000–$39,999 1.71c (1.08–2.72) 2.03b (1.27–3.24) 
 $40,000–$74,999 1.95b (1.25–3.05) 2.36a (1.50–3.71) 
 ≥$75,000 4.17a (2.48–7.01) 4.13a (2.43–7.01) 
Mental health treatment 
 None (Ref) 1.0 1.0 
 Treatment in last 5 years 0.56d 0.83 (0.59–1.17) 
Alcohol quantity 
 None (Ref) 1.0 1.0 
 1 drink/d 0.66c (0.45–0.97) 1.05 (0.71–1.55) 
 2 or more drinks/d 0.23a (0.15–0.33) 0.59b (0.41–0.87) 
Physical functioning 1.04a (1.02–1.05) 1.02b (1.01–1.04) 
BMI 1.09a (1.06–1.12) 1.08a (1.05–1.11) 

NOTE: Model χ2(22) = 374.8, P < 0.0001.

aP < 0.0001.

bP < 0.01.

cP < 0.05.

dP < 0.001.

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