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Table 1.

Baseline characteristics according to BMI and physical activity

CharacteristicsBMI (kg/m2)
Physical activity (times a week)*
18.5-24.925.0-29.930.0-34.9≥35.00<11-23-4≥5
Participants (n162,353 204,189 75,350 29,886 83,558 64,730 102,945 128,003 92,524 
Age (y) 62.1 62.1 61.6 60.8 62.0 61.1 61.5 62.2 62.4 
Gender (%)          
    Men 51.9 71.2 64.6 46.0 52.2 58.9 61.9 63.4 67.2 
    Women 49.1 29.8 36.4 54.0 48.8 41.1 38.1 36.6 32.8 
Race          
    White 92.4 91.9 90.9 88.7 89.5 91.8 92.5 91.8 92.6 
    Non-White 7.6 8.1 9.1 11.3 10.5 8.2 7.5 8.2 7.4 
Smoking status (%)          
    Current smoker 17.0 12.5 10.8 9.2 20.4 16.9 14.1 10.0 9.3 
    Former smoker 43.8 53.3 54.9 52.9 45.3 48.3 49.2 52.8 53.9 
    Never smoker 39.2 34.2 34.3 37.9 34.4 34.8 36.7 37.2 36.8 
BMI (kg/m222.8 27.2 31.9 39.5 28.7 27.9 27.3 26.6 26.1 
Physical activity (times a week) 2.7 2.5 2.0 1.5 0.5 1.5 3.5 5.5 
College education (%) 44.3 40.4 34.4 29.3 28.3 37.6 41.2 44.8 44.6 
Married or living as married (%) 66.1 75.2 70.6 58.5 62.4 68.6 71.1 72.8 74.1 
Red meat intake (servings/1,000 kcal/d) 29.6 35.8 39.4 41.0 37.9 37.3 36.2 32.5 30.8 
Fruit and vegetable intakes (servings/1,000 kcal/d) 3.7 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.7 3.9 
Nonalcoholic beverage intake (mL/d) 1,865 2,020 2,068 2,023 2,004 1,969 1,972 1,937 2,012 
Alcohol intake (servings/wk) 6.7 7.5 6.6 4.5 6.8 6.9 6.8 6.6 7.4 
Menopausal hormone therapy (%)          
    Current users 50.9 54.2 37.1 29.3 38.1 43.8 45.4 48.9 47.2 
    Former users 8.5 9.4 9.8 8.9 8.7 9.5 9.0 9.3 8.6 
    Never users 40.5 46.4 53.1 61.7 53.2 46.6 45.6 41.8 44.2 
Ever used oral contraceptive use (%) 42.2 39.5 36.8 34.3 37.1 39.9 40.4 41.5 39.7 
Parity (no. live-born children) 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 
NSAID use (%) 49.1 51.3 54.4 57.2 49.6 52.5 52.1 52.4 49.6 
CharacteristicsBMI (kg/m2)
Physical activity (times a week)*
18.5-24.925.0-29.930.0-34.9≥35.00<11-23-4≥5
Participants (n162,353 204,189 75,350 29,886 83,558 64,730 102,945 128,003 92,524 
Age (y) 62.1 62.1 61.6 60.8 62.0 61.1 61.5 62.2 62.4 
Gender (%)          
    Men 51.9 71.2 64.6 46.0 52.2 58.9 61.9 63.4 67.2 
    Women 49.1 29.8 36.4 54.0 48.8 41.1 38.1 36.6 32.8 
Race          
    White 92.4 91.9 90.9 88.7 89.5 91.8 92.5 91.8 92.6 
    Non-White 7.6 8.1 9.1 11.3 10.5 8.2 7.5 8.2 7.4 
Smoking status (%)          
    Current smoker 17.0 12.5 10.8 9.2 20.4 16.9 14.1 10.0 9.3 
    Former smoker 43.8 53.3 54.9 52.9 45.3 48.3 49.2 52.8 53.9 
    Never smoker 39.2 34.2 34.3 37.9 34.4 34.8 36.7 37.2 36.8 
BMI (kg/m222.8 27.2 31.9 39.5 28.7 27.9 27.3 26.6 26.1 
Physical activity (times a week) 2.7 2.5 2.0 1.5 0.5 1.5 3.5 5.5 
College education (%) 44.3 40.4 34.4 29.3 28.3 37.6 41.2 44.8 44.6 
Married or living as married (%) 66.1 75.2 70.6 58.5 62.4 68.6 71.1 72.8 74.1 
Red meat intake (servings/1,000 kcal/d) 29.6 35.8 39.4 41.0 37.9 37.3 36.2 32.5 30.8 
Fruit and vegetable intakes (servings/1,000 kcal/d) 3.7 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.7 3.9 
Nonalcoholic beverage intake (mL/d) 1,865 2,020 2,068 2,023 2,004 1,969 1,972 1,937 2,012 
Alcohol intake (servings/wk) 6.7 7.5 6.6 4.5 6.8 6.9 6.8 6.6 7.4 
Menopausal hormone therapy (%)          
    Current users 50.9 54.2 37.1 29.3 38.1 43.8 45.4 48.9 47.2 
    Former users 8.5 9.4 9.8 8.9 8.7 9.5 9.0 9.3 8.6 
    Never users 40.5 46.4 53.1 61.7 53.2 46.6 45.6 41.8 44.2 
Ever used oral contraceptive use (%) 42.2 39.5 36.8 34.3 37.1 39.9 40.4 41.5 39.7 
Parity (no. live-born children) 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 
NSAID use (%) 49.1 51.3 54.4 57.2 49.6 52.5 52.1 52.4 49.6 

NOTE: All values (except age) were directly standardized to the age distribution of the cohort.

*

Physical activity was defined as activity that lasted ≥20 min and caused either increases in breathing or heart rate or working up a sweat.

Among women only.

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