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Table 5.

Adjusted HR (95% CI) for lung adenocarcinoma by level of red wine consumption

Smoking statusFrequency of red wine consumptionCasesHR (95% CI)Linear* HR (95% CI)Plinear trend
All (never + ever smokers) Nondrinker 79 0.98 (0.95-1.00) 0.08 
 <1 drink/wk 37 1.25 (0.72-2.20)   
 ≥1 drink/wk, <1 drink/d 12 0.50 (0.24-1.07)   
 ≥1 drink/d 0.43 (0.13-1.42)   
Ever-smokers Nondrinker 73 0.96 (0.92-1.00) 0.03 
 <1 drink/wk 32 1.14 (0.63-2.09)   
 ≥1 drink/wk, <1 drink/d 0.44 (0.19-1.02)   
 ≥1 drink/d 0.15 (0.02-1.11)   
Smoking statusFrequency of red wine consumptionCasesHR (95% CI)Linear* HR (95% CI)Plinear trend
All (never + ever smokers) Nondrinker 79 0.98 (0.95-1.00) 0.08 
 <1 drink/wk 37 1.25 (0.72-2.20)   
 ≥1 drink/wk, <1 drink/d 12 0.50 (0.24-1.07)   
 ≥1 drink/d 0.43 (0.13-1.42)   
Ever-smokers Nondrinker 73 0.96 (0.92-1.00) 0.03 
 <1 drink/wk 32 1.14 (0.63-2.09)   
 ≥1 drink/wk, <1 drink/d 0.44 (0.19-1.02)   
 ≥1 drink/d 0.15 (0.02-1.11)   

NOTE: Model adjusted for age, ethnicity, education, household income, BMI, smoking status (never, current, and past by quit duration), cigarettes smoked per day, smoking duration, history of COPD/emphysema, and consumption of other alcoholic beverages (beer, white wine, and liquor).

*

Linear for one-drink increase per month.

May include occasional drinkers who drank less <1 drink/mo.

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