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Table 4.

Adjusted HR (95% CI) for lung cancer by level of beer, red wine, white wine, and liquor consumption among ever-smokers

Frequency of consumptionMean no. drinks/moCasesPerson-yearsHR* (95%CI)Linear*, HR (95% CI)Plinear trend
Beer Nondrinker 83 69,725 1.00 (0.99-1.00) 0.31 
 <1 drink/wk 1.3 59 43,584 1.56 (1.04-2.36)   
 ≥1 drink/wk, <1 drink/d 11.5 33 37,796 1.17 (0.73-1.89)   
 ≥1 drink/d 80.9 16 18,380 0.74 (0.41-1.33)   
Red wine Nondrinker 118 86,003 0.98 (0.96-1.00) 0.03 
 <1 drink/wk 1.2 50 42,409 1.10 (0.68-1.78)   
 ≥1 drink/wk, <1 drink/d 11.0 18 30,194 0.64 (0.35-1.17)   
 ≥1 drink/d 57.3 10,924 0.39 (0.14-1.08)   
White wine Nondrinker 127 99,434 1.00 (0.98-1.01) 0.71 
 <1 drink/wk 1.2 45 44,291 0.83 (0.51-1.35)   
 ≥1 drink/wk, <1 drink/d 10.2 15 20,707 0.86 (0.46-1.63)   
 ≥1 drink/d 62.2 4,922 0.94 (0.34-2.62)   
Liquor Nondrinker 108 94,149 1.00 (1.00-1.01) 0.72 
 <1 drink/wk 1.1 42 42,075 1.06 (0.68-1.66)   
 ≥1 drink/wk, <1 drink/d 11.2 23 21,970 1.05 (0.62-1.77)   
 ≥1 drink/d 71.0 18 11,205 0.99 (0.57-1.70)   
Frequency of consumptionMean no. drinks/moCasesPerson-yearsHR* (95%CI)Linear*, HR (95% CI)Plinear trend
Beer Nondrinker 83 69,725 1.00 (0.99-1.00) 0.31 
 <1 drink/wk 1.3 59 43,584 1.56 (1.04-2.36)   
 ≥1 drink/wk, <1 drink/d 11.5 33 37,796 1.17 (0.73-1.89)   
 ≥1 drink/d 80.9 16 18,380 0.74 (0.41-1.33)   
Red wine Nondrinker 118 86,003 0.98 (0.96-1.00) 0.03 
 <1 drink/wk 1.2 50 42,409 1.10 (0.68-1.78)   
 ≥1 drink/wk, <1 drink/d 11.0 18 30,194 0.64 (0.35-1.17)   
 ≥1 drink/d 57.3 10,924 0.39 (0.14-1.08)   
White wine Nondrinker 127 99,434 1.00 (0.98-1.01) 0.71 
 <1 drink/wk 1.2 45 44,291 0.83 (0.51-1.35)   
 ≥1 drink/wk, <1 drink/d 10.2 15 20,707 0.86 (0.46-1.63)   
 ≥1 drink/d 62.2 4,922 0.94 (0.34-2.62)   
Liquor Nondrinker 108 94,149 1.00 (1.00-1.01) 0.72 
 <1 drink/wk 1.1 42 42,075 1.06 (0.68-1.66)   
 ≥1 drink/wk, <1 drink/d 11.2 23 21,970 1.05 (0.62-1.77)   
 ≥1 drink/d 71.0 18 11,205 0.99 (0.57-1.70)   
*

Model adjusted for age, ethnicity, education, household income, BMI, smoking status (current, and past by quit duration), cigarettes smoked per day, smoking duration, and history of COPD/emphysema. Beer, red wine, white wine, and liquor consumption were mutually adjusted for in the model.

Linear for one-drink increase per month.

May include occasional drinkers who drank <1 drink/mo.

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