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Table 3.

Adjusted HR (95% CI) for lung cancer by level of beer, red wine, white wine, and liquor consumption

Frequency of consumptionMean no. drinks/moCasesPerson-yearsHR* (95%CI)Linear*, HR (95% CI)Plinear trend
Beer Nondrinker 94 130,678 1.00 (0.99-1.00) 0.42 
 <1 drink/wk 1.3 64 78,956 1.48 (1.00-2.19)   
 ≥1 drink/wk, <1 drink/d 11.2 34 64,458 1.04 (0.65-1.65)   
 ≥1 drink/d 76.8 18 25,949 0.78 (0.45-1.35)   
Red wine Nondrinker 127 152,007 0.98 (0.97-1.00) 0.06 
 <1 drink/wk 1.1 55 75,780 1.15 (0.73-1.81)   
 ≥1 drink/wk, <1 drink/d 11.1 21 55,023 0.65 (0.37-1.15)   
 ≥1 drink/d 55.1 17,217 0.55 (0.23-1.29)   
White wine Nondrinker 137 173,488 1.00 (0.98-1.01) 0.71 
 <1 drink/wk 1.2 49 80,075 0.86 (0.54-1.37)   
 ≥1 drink/wk, <1 drink/d 10.1 20 38,224 1.09 (0.62-1.92)   
 ≥1 drink/d 60.4 7,960 0.87 (0.31-2.40)   
Liquor Nondrinker 123 174,839 1.00 (1.00-1.01) 0.75 
 <1 drink/wk 1.1 43 74,946 0.92 (0.60-1.42)   
 ≥1 drink/wk, <1 drink/d 10.9 26 35,332 1.05 (0.64-1.71)   
 ≥1 drink/d 69.8 18 14,815 0.93 (0.54-1.58)   
Frequency of consumptionMean no. drinks/moCasesPerson-yearsHR* (95%CI)Linear*, HR (95% CI)Plinear trend
Beer Nondrinker 94 130,678 1.00 (0.99-1.00) 0.42 
 <1 drink/wk 1.3 64 78,956 1.48 (1.00-2.19)   
 ≥1 drink/wk, <1 drink/d 11.2 34 64,458 1.04 (0.65-1.65)   
 ≥1 drink/d 76.8 18 25,949 0.78 (0.45-1.35)   
Red wine Nondrinker 127 152,007 0.98 (0.97-1.00) 0.06 
 <1 drink/wk 1.1 55 75,780 1.15 (0.73-1.81)   
 ≥1 drink/wk, <1 drink/d 11.1 21 55,023 0.65 (0.37-1.15)   
 ≥1 drink/d 55.1 17,217 0.55 (0.23-1.29)   
White wine Nondrinker 137 173,488 1.00 (0.98-1.01) 0.71 
 <1 drink/wk 1.2 49 80,075 0.86 (0.54-1.37)   
 ≥1 drink/wk, <1 drink/d 10.1 20 38,224 1.09 (0.62-1.92)   
 ≥1 drink/d 60.4 7,960 0.87 (0.31-2.40)   
Liquor Nondrinker 123 174,839 1.00 (1.00-1.01) 0.75 
 <1 drink/wk 1.1 43 74,946 0.92 (0.60-1.42)   
 ≥1 drink/wk, <1 drink/d 10.9 26 35,332 1.05 (0.64-1.71)   
 ≥1 drink/d 69.8 18 14,815 0.93 (0.54-1.58)   
*

Model adjusted for age, ethnicity, education, household income, BMI, smoking status (never, current, and past by quit duration), cigarettes smoked per day, smoking duration, and history of COPD/emphysema. Beer, red wine, white wine, and liquor consumption were mutually adjusted for in the model.

Linear for one-drink increase per month.

May include occasional drinkers who drank <1 drink/mo.

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