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Table 2.

Characteristics of general population studies on mammographic features in relation to breast cancer prevalence

First author, y (ref.)Study design. Study population characteristics. Matching variables if applicable (Match). Variables adjusted for in analysis (Adj)No. cases:noncasesAge (y)Mammographic feature
Hainline, 1978 (45) MCC. Cases: Duke Hospital, United States, 1974-1976; controls: asymptomatic screenees. Match: A, R 171:171 35-70+ Wolfe* 
Weich, 1981 (46) CC. Cases: Rambam Medical Centre; controls: screening program, Israel. 1974-1979. Adj: A. 442:1,000 30-60+ Wolfe 
Boyd, 1982 (28) MCC. Cases: Women's College Hospital, Canada, 1973-1979; controls: screening volunteers. Match: A, YR. 183:183 36-65 Wolfe, PD 
Brisson, 1982 (47) CC. Case: 2 U.S. hospitals, 1972-78; controls: referred for routine/baseline mammogram. Adj: none. 408:1,021 20-60+ Wolfe, PN, PH 
Janzon, 1982 (48) XS. Malmo breast cancer screening project, Sweden. 1977-NK. Adj: A. 118:14,992 40-69 Wolfe 
Tabar, 1982 (49) XS. Consecutive screens at Kopparberg County screening programme, Sweden. Adj: A. 187:26,970 40-75+ Wolfe 
Chaudary, 1983 (50) CC. Cases: Guy's hospital London 1980-1982; controls: Guernsey screening, United Kingdom. Adj: none. 60:937 NK Wolfe 
Brisson, 1984 (51) CC. Cases: 3 hospitals in Boston and New Jersey, United States, 1978-1979; controls: referred for a “routine” mammogram. Adj: A, HT, WT. 362:686 Pre, post Wolfe, PN, PH 
Horwitz, 1984 (52) MCC. Cases: Yale-New Haven Hospital, United States, 1976-1979; controls: women with clinically normal mammograms. Match: A, R. Adj: no other. 105:103 >45 and post Wolfe 
Brisson, 1989 (53) CC. Cases: treated in Quebec, 1982-1984; controls: Quebec screening study, Canada. Adj: A, WT, P, EDUC. 290:645 40-62 Wolfe, PD 
Jakes, 2000 (54) MCC. Cases: prevalent and incident screen cancers, Singapore, 1995-1996; controls: negative screen cancer. Match: A. Adj: AM, AFB, breast feeding. 174:348 45-69 Tabar 
Lam, 2000 (55) MCC. Vermont breast cancer surveillance system, United States, 1996-1997. Match: A. Adj: A, WT. 381:1,547 Post BIRADS 
Brisson, 2003 (56) CC. Pooling of Brisson, 1982 (47), 1984 (51), and 1989 (53). Adj: A, WT. 1,060:2,352 20-95 PD 
Nagao, 2003 (57) MCC. Cases: Gifu hospital, Japan, 1998-1999; controls: screening. Match: A, number of deliveries. Adj: AFB, no. births. 237:742 NK Wolfe, other 
Ursin, 2003 (1) CC. Two CC studies at University of Southern California, United States, 1994-1998. Match (frequency): A, R. Adj: A, BMI, P, HRT, AM, FH, MP, AFB. 622:433 35-64 PD 
Kerlikowske, 2005 (58) CC. San Francisco Mammography Register, United States, 1992-2002. Adj: A, FH, AFB, R, BMI, bone mineral density. 208:436 Mean 63.6 (SD, 9.4) PD 
Nagata, 2005 (59) CC. Cases and controls: Gifu City Hospital mass screening program, Japan, 2000-2002. Adj: A, BMI, AM, AFB, P, HRT, breast feeding, FH, MP. 71:370 pre, 75:289 post 30-80 PD 
First author, y (ref.)Study design. Study population characteristics. Matching variables if applicable (Match). Variables adjusted for in analysis (Adj)No. cases:noncasesAge (y)Mammographic feature
Hainline, 1978 (45) MCC. Cases: Duke Hospital, United States, 1974-1976; controls: asymptomatic screenees. Match: A, R 171:171 35-70+ Wolfe* 
Weich, 1981 (46) CC. Cases: Rambam Medical Centre; controls: screening program, Israel. 1974-1979. Adj: A. 442:1,000 30-60+ Wolfe 
Boyd, 1982 (28) MCC. Cases: Women's College Hospital, Canada, 1973-1979; controls: screening volunteers. Match: A, YR. 183:183 36-65 Wolfe, PD 
Brisson, 1982 (47) CC. Case: 2 U.S. hospitals, 1972-78; controls: referred for routine/baseline mammogram. Adj: none. 408:1,021 20-60+ Wolfe, PN, PH 
Janzon, 1982 (48) XS. Malmo breast cancer screening project, Sweden. 1977-NK. Adj: A. 118:14,992 40-69 Wolfe 
Tabar, 1982 (49) XS. Consecutive screens at Kopparberg County screening programme, Sweden. Adj: A. 187:26,970 40-75+ Wolfe 
Chaudary, 1983 (50) CC. Cases: Guy's hospital London 1980-1982; controls: Guernsey screening, United Kingdom. Adj: none. 60:937 NK Wolfe 
Brisson, 1984 (51) CC. Cases: 3 hospitals in Boston and New Jersey, United States, 1978-1979; controls: referred for a “routine” mammogram. Adj: A, HT, WT. 362:686 Pre, post Wolfe, PN, PH 
Horwitz, 1984 (52) MCC. Cases: Yale-New Haven Hospital, United States, 1976-1979; controls: women with clinically normal mammograms. Match: A, R. Adj: no other. 105:103 >45 and post Wolfe 
Brisson, 1989 (53) CC. Cases: treated in Quebec, 1982-1984; controls: Quebec screening study, Canada. Adj: A, WT, P, EDUC. 290:645 40-62 Wolfe, PD 
Jakes, 2000 (54) MCC. Cases: prevalent and incident screen cancers, Singapore, 1995-1996; controls: negative screen cancer. Match: A. Adj: AM, AFB, breast feeding. 174:348 45-69 Tabar 
Lam, 2000 (55) MCC. Vermont breast cancer surveillance system, United States, 1996-1997. Match: A. Adj: A, WT. 381:1,547 Post BIRADS 
Brisson, 2003 (56) CC. Pooling of Brisson, 1982 (47), 1984 (51), and 1989 (53). Adj: A, WT. 1,060:2,352 20-95 PD 
Nagao, 2003 (57) MCC. Cases: Gifu hospital, Japan, 1998-1999; controls: screening. Match: A, number of deliveries. Adj: AFB, no. births. 237:742 NK Wolfe, other 
Ursin, 2003 (1) CC. Two CC studies at University of Southern California, United States, 1994-1998. Match (frequency): A, R. Adj: A, BMI, P, HRT, AM, FH, MP, AFB. 622:433 35-64 PD 
Kerlikowske, 2005 (58) CC. San Francisco Mammography Register, United States, 1992-2002. Adj: A, FH, AFB, R, BMI, bone mineral density. 208:436 Mean 63.6 (SD, 9.4) PD 
Nagata, 2005 (59) CC. Cases and controls: Gifu City Hospital mass screening program, Japan, 2000-2002. Adj: A, BMI, AM, AFB, P, HRT, breast feeding, FH, MP. 71:370 pre, 75:289 post 30-80 PD 

Abbreviations: MCC, matched case-control; XS, cross-sectional study; PN, percentage nodularities; PH, percentage homogeneous densities; post: postmenopausal; pre, premenopausal.

*

Hainline, 1978 does not appear in Figs., as no estimates of precision were provided.

Results for percentage nodularity do not appear in Figs., as these three studies are subsets of Brisson, 2003, which is included.

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