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Table 1.

Selected baseline characteristics of 38,447 women according to quintiles of dietary lycopene intake

Quintile of lycopene intake
1st (<4,443 μg/d)2nd (4,443 to <6,471 μg/d)3rd (6,471 to <9,083 μg/d)4th (9,083 to <13,044 μg/d)5th (≥13,044 μg/d)
Number of women 7,690 7,689 7,690 7,689 7,689 
Age (years) 54.3 ± 7.2* 53.7 ± 6.9 54.1 ± 7.0 54.0 ± 7.0 53.6 ± 6.9 
Smoking status (%)      
    Never 52.6 51.8 51.0 51.3 48.4 
    Former 33.0 34.9 36.2 36.4 39.4 
    Current 14.4 13.3 12.9 12.3 12.2 
Body mass index (kg/m226.2 ± 5.2 25.9 ± 4.9 26.1 ± 5.0 25.9 ± 5.0 25.9 ± 5.0 
History of breast cancer in first-degree relative (%) 6.6 6.5 6.2 5.9 5.8 
Exercise (%)      
    Rarely/never 44.3 39.4 37.2 36.2 34.1 
    <Once/wk 19.2 20.7 20.1 20.1 19.4 
    One to three times/wk 27.8 30.0 32.3 31.9 34.2 
    ≥Four times/wk 8.8 9.9 10.5 11.8 12.4 
Alcohol consumption (%)      
    Rarely/never 52.2 45.7 42.1 42.6 41.2 
    One to three drinks/mo 12.8 13.6 13.7 13.6 12.3 
    One to six drinks/wk 26.6 31.7 33.9 32.8 33.7 
    ≥1 drink/d 8.4 9.0 10.3 11.0 12.9 
Menarche ≥14 years (%) 19.5 18.0 17.9 18.7 17.4 
Ever used oral contraceptives (%) 66.4 71.3 68.8 69.9 71.4 
Age at first pregnancy (%)      
    <20 years 11.4 10.5 10.3 9.9 10.0 
    20-34 years 83.4 84.9 84.7 85.6 84.8 
    ≥35 years 3.3 2.6 3.1 2.8 3.1 
Nulliparous (%) 3.3 3.4 3.1 3.1 3.3 
Postmenopausal (%) 56.4 53.6 55.5 54.6 53.6 
Postmenopausal hormone use (%)      
    Never 48.8 49.2 47.8 46.8 46.8 
    Former 10.8 10.0 9.7 10.7 10.1 
    Current 40.4 40.9 42.5 42.5 43.1 
Fruit and vegetable intake (servings/d) 4.8 ± 2.8 5.2 ± 2.8 5.9 ± 3.0 6.7 ± 3.1 7.6 ± 3.7 
Other energy-adjusted dietary factors (25)      
    Total fiber intake (g/d) 17.1 ± 6.0 17.8 ± 5.4 18.8 ± 5.4 19.8 ± 5.6 21.5 ± 6.2 
    Folate intake (μg/d) 400 ± 222 412 ± 220 428 ± 224 437 ± 218 465 ± 231 
    Saturated fat intake (g/d) 20.5 ± 5.3 20.2 ± 4.8 19.8 ± 4.6 19.3 ± 4.6 18.5 ± 4.7 
Quintile of lycopene intake
1st (<4,443 μg/d)2nd (4,443 to <6,471 μg/d)3rd (6,471 to <9,083 μg/d)4th (9,083 to <13,044 μg/d)5th (≥13,044 μg/d)
Number of women 7,690 7,689 7,690 7,689 7,689 
Age (years) 54.3 ± 7.2* 53.7 ± 6.9 54.1 ± 7.0 54.0 ± 7.0 53.6 ± 6.9 
Smoking status (%)      
    Never 52.6 51.8 51.0 51.3 48.4 
    Former 33.0 34.9 36.2 36.4 39.4 
    Current 14.4 13.3 12.9 12.3 12.2 
Body mass index (kg/m226.2 ± 5.2 25.9 ± 4.9 26.1 ± 5.0 25.9 ± 5.0 25.9 ± 5.0 
History of breast cancer in first-degree relative (%) 6.6 6.5 6.2 5.9 5.8 
Exercise (%)      
    Rarely/never 44.3 39.4 37.2 36.2 34.1 
    <Once/wk 19.2 20.7 20.1 20.1 19.4 
    One to three times/wk 27.8 30.0 32.3 31.9 34.2 
    ≥Four times/wk 8.8 9.9 10.5 11.8 12.4 
Alcohol consumption (%)      
    Rarely/never 52.2 45.7 42.1 42.6 41.2 
    One to three drinks/mo 12.8 13.6 13.7 13.6 12.3 
    One to six drinks/wk 26.6 31.7 33.9 32.8 33.7 
    ≥1 drink/d 8.4 9.0 10.3 11.0 12.9 
Menarche ≥14 years (%) 19.5 18.0 17.9 18.7 17.4 
Ever used oral contraceptives (%) 66.4 71.3 68.8 69.9 71.4 
Age at first pregnancy (%)      
    <20 years 11.4 10.5 10.3 9.9 10.0 
    20-34 years 83.4 84.9 84.7 85.6 84.8 
    ≥35 years 3.3 2.6 3.1 2.8 3.1 
Nulliparous (%) 3.3 3.4 3.1 3.1 3.3 
Postmenopausal (%) 56.4 53.6 55.5 54.6 53.6 
Postmenopausal hormone use (%)      
    Never 48.8 49.2 47.8 46.8 46.8 
    Former 10.8 10.0 9.7 10.7 10.1 
    Current 40.4 40.9 42.5 42.5 43.1 
Fruit and vegetable intake (servings/d) 4.8 ± 2.8 5.2 ± 2.8 5.9 ± 3.0 6.7 ± 3.1 7.6 ± 3.7 
Other energy-adjusted dietary factors (25)      
    Total fiber intake (g/d) 17.1 ± 6.0 17.8 ± 5.4 18.8 ± 5.4 19.8 ± 5.6 21.5 ± 6.2 
    Folate intake (μg/d) 400 ± 222 412 ± 220 428 ± 224 437 ± 218 465 ± 231 
    Saturated fat intake (g/d) 20.5 ± 5.3 20.2 ± 4.8 19.8 ± 4.6 19.3 ± 4.6 18.5 ± 4.7 
*

Mean ± SD.

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