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Table 1.

Demographic and baseline psychosocial characteristics of Korean women aged 19 y and older who enrolled in the study between August and October 2004

VariablesIntervention (n = 52)Control (n = 50)
Sociodemographic   
    Mean age (SD) 50.92 (11.70) 60.20 (11.41) 
    Marital status   
        Married/living as married 88.5% (46) 56.0% (28) 
        Divorced/widowed/single 11.5% (6) 44.0% (22) 
    Education (y)   
        <11 15.3% (8) 36.0% (18) 
        12 (high school) 46.2% (24) 18.0% (9) 
        12+ (college/postgraduate) 36.5% (19) 44.0% (22) 
    Years in the United States (SD, range) 15.63 (8.63, 1-32) 17.29 (9.12, 1-33) 
    English-speaking proficiency   
        Speaks English very fluently 1.9% (1) 4.0% (2) 
        Speaks English fairly fluently 48.1% (25) 30.0% (15) 
        Speaks English poorly/not at all 50.0% (26) 64.0% (32) 
    English-reading proficiency   
        Reads English very fluently 3.8% (2) 6.0% (3) 
        Reads English fairly fluently 53.8% (28) 38.0% (19) 
        Reads English poorly/not at all 42.3% (22) 54.0% (27) 
    Have regular doctor   
        Yes 59.6% (31) 80.0% (40) 
        No 40.4% (21) 20.0% (10) 
    Have medical insurance   
        Yes 44.2% (23) 76.0% (38) 
        No 55.8% (29) 24.0% (12) 
    Had Pap test in the past 12 months   
        Yes 11.5% (6) 22.0% (11) 
        No 88.5% (46) 78.0% (39) 
    Had Pap test in the past 3 years   
        Yes 38.5% (20) 40.0% (20) 
        No 61.5% (32) 60.0% (30) 
Perceived risk (% high/very high)   
    My chance of developing cervical cancer 7.7% (4) 10.0% (5) 
    Perceived severity (% agree/strongly agree)   
    Cervical cancer is a treatable disease 76.9% (40) 74.0% (37) 
    Whole life would change if I had cervical cancer 46.2% (24) 56.0% (28) 
Benefits (% agree/strongly agree)   
    Treatment may not be as bad if detected early 84.6% (44) 86.0% (43) 
    Having a Pap test is the best way to detect cervical cancer 86.5% (45) 92.0% (46) 
    Pap test will decrease chances of dying from cervical cancer 90.4% (47) 94.0% (47) 
    Pap can detect cervical cancers that cannot be seen in an exam 90.4% (47) 90.0% (45) 
    Relief from worry about cervical cancer 59.6% (31) 54.0% (27) 
Barriers (% agree/strongly agree)   
    Having a Pap test will be painful and unpleasant 21.2% (11) 26.0% (13) 
    I do not know where to go to get a Pap test 36.5% (19) 34.0% (17) 
    Uncomfortable with having a stranger perform Pap test 30.8% (16) 32.0% (16) 
    Having a Pap test will take too much time 23.1% (12) 22.0% (11) 
    Having a Pap test will cost too much money 34.6% (18) 22.0% (11) 
Self-efficacy (% agree/strongly agree)   
    I feel capable of arranging to have a Pap test 59.6% (31) 52.0% (26) 
    I am confident about my abilities to get a Pap test 44.2% (23) 50.0% (25) 
    I know that I will do whatever it takes to get my Pap test 46.2% (24) 62.0% (31) 
VariablesIntervention (n = 52)Control (n = 50)
Sociodemographic   
    Mean age (SD) 50.92 (11.70) 60.20 (11.41) 
    Marital status   
        Married/living as married 88.5% (46) 56.0% (28) 
        Divorced/widowed/single 11.5% (6) 44.0% (22) 
    Education (y)   
        <11 15.3% (8) 36.0% (18) 
        12 (high school) 46.2% (24) 18.0% (9) 
        12+ (college/postgraduate) 36.5% (19) 44.0% (22) 
    Years in the United States (SD, range) 15.63 (8.63, 1-32) 17.29 (9.12, 1-33) 
    English-speaking proficiency   
        Speaks English very fluently 1.9% (1) 4.0% (2) 
        Speaks English fairly fluently 48.1% (25) 30.0% (15) 
        Speaks English poorly/not at all 50.0% (26) 64.0% (32) 
    English-reading proficiency   
        Reads English very fluently 3.8% (2) 6.0% (3) 
        Reads English fairly fluently 53.8% (28) 38.0% (19) 
        Reads English poorly/not at all 42.3% (22) 54.0% (27) 
    Have regular doctor   
        Yes 59.6% (31) 80.0% (40) 
        No 40.4% (21) 20.0% (10) 
    Have medical insurance   
        Yes 44.2% (23) 76.0% (38) 
        No 55.8% (29) 24.0% (12) 
    Had Pap test in the past 12 months   
        Yes 11.5% (6) 22.0% (11) 
        No 88.5% (46) 78.0% (39) 
    Had Pap test in the past 3 years   
        Yes 38.5% (20) 40.0% (20) 
        No 61.5% (32) 60.0% (30) 
Perceived risk (% high/very high)   
    My chance of developing cervical cancer 7.7% (4) 10.0% (5) 
    Perceived severity (% agree/strongly agree)   
    Cervical cancer is a treatable disease 76.9% (40) 74.0% (37) 
    Whole life would change if I had cervical cancer 46.2% (24) 56.0% (28) 
Benefits (% agree/strongly agree)   
    Treatment may not be as bad if detected early 84.6% (44) 86.0% (43) 
    Having a Pap test is the best way to detect cervical cancer 86.5% (45) 92.0% (46) 
    Pap test will decrease chances of dying from cervical cancer 90.4% (47) 94.0% (47) 
    Pap can detect cervical cancers that cannot be seen in an exam 90.4% (47) 90.0% (45) 
    Relief from worry about cervical cancer 59.6% (31) 54.0% (27) 
Barriers (% agree/strongly agree)   
    Having a Pap test will be painful and unpleasant 21.2% (11) 26.0% (13) 
    I do not know where to go to get a Pap test 36.5% (19) 34.0% (17) 
    Uncomfortable with having a stranger perform Pap test 30.8% (16) 32.0% (16) 
    Having a Pap test will take too much time 23.1% (12) 22.0% (11) 
    Having a Pap test will cost too much money 34.6% (18) 22.0% (11) 
Self-efficacy (% agree/strongly agree)   
    I feel capable of arranging to have a Pap test 59.6% (31) 52.0% (26) 
    I am confident about my abilities to get a Pap test 44.2% (23) 50.0% (25) 
    I know that I will do whatever it takes to get my Pap test 46.2% (24) 62.0% (31) 
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