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Precision Medicine and Biomarkers

Clinical or translational studies aimed at optimally matching patients to treatments, including biomarkers and resistance mechanisms

Latest in Precision Medicine and Biomarkers
Richard A Harbison, Rajeev Kumar Pandey et al.
Metabolic features of the tumor microenvironment (TME) antagonize anti-tumor immunity. We hypothesized that T cell infiltrated tumors with a known antigen should exhibit superior clinical outcomes, though some fare worse given unfavorable metabolic features leveraging T cell-infiltrated (Thi), human papillomavirus-related ...
Nobuyuki Takahashi, Sehyun Kim et al.
Endogenous replication stress is a major driver of genomic instability. Current assessments of replication stress are low throughput precluding its comprehensive assessment across tumors. Here we develop and validate a transcriptional profile of replication stress by leveraging established cellular characteristics that ...
Peter T Campbell, Christina C Newton et al.
Self-reported type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a risk factor for many cancers, suggesting its pathology relates to carcinogenesis. We conducted a case-cohort study to examine associations of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and c-peptide with cancers associated with self-reported T2DM. This study was drawn from a prospective ...
Kanae Mure, Hideki Ishikawa et al.
Aspirin has gained great attention as a cancer preventive agent. Our previous study revealed that the low-dose aspirin prevents colorectal tumor recurrence in Japanese patients with colorectal adenomas and/or adenocarcinomas, whereas aspirin increases risks in smokers and has no effects on regular drinkers. Our recent ...
Hesamedin Hakimjavadi, Sophia H. George et al.
The human microbiome has been strongly correlated with disease pathology and outcomes, yet remains relatively underexplored in patients with malignant endometrial disease. In this study, vaginal microbiome samples were prospectively collected at the time of hysterectomy from 61 racially and ethnically diverse patients ...
Mary Jo Fackler, Suzana Tulac et al.
Current molecular liquid biopsy assays to detect recurrence or monitor response to treatment require sophisticated technology, highly trained personnel, and a turnaround time of weeks. We describe the development and technical validation of an automated Liquid Biopsy for Breast Cancer Methylation (LBx-BCM) prototype, a ...
Margaret L. Axelrod, Yu Wang et al.
Biomarkers of response are needed in breast cancer to stratify patients to appropriate therapies and avoid unnecessary toxicity. We used peripheral blood gene expression and cell-type abundance to identify biomarkers of response and recurrence in neoadjuvant chemotherapy–treated patients with breast cancer. We identified ...
Qiujin Shen, Yahui Feng et al.
Although the concept of “myeloid neoplasm continuum” has long been proposed, few comparative genomics studies directly tested this hypothesis. Here we report a multi-modal data analysis of 730 consecutive newly diagnosed patients with primary myeloid neoplasm, along with 462 lymphoid neoplasm cases serving as the ...
Teijo Pellinen, Kevin Sandeman et al.
Some clinically significant prostate cancers are missed by MRI. We asked whether the tumor stroma in surgically treated localized prostate cancer lesions positive or negative with MRI are different in their cellular and molecular properties, and whether the differences are reflected to the clinical course of the disease.
Holli A. Loomans-Kropp, Yurong Song et al.
Early-onset colorectal cancer (EOCRC), defined as a diagnosis under age 50, is an emerging public health burden. As many of these individuals fall outside of screening guidelines, the development of a minimally invasive, accurate screening modality for this population is warranted. We evaluated the FDA-approved ...
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