Topoisomerase I (TOP1) Inhibitors constitute an emerging payload class to engineer Antibody-Drug-Conjugates (ADCs) as next-generation biopharmaceutical for cancer treatment. Existing ADCs are utilizing camptothecin payloads with lower potency and suffer from limited stability in circulation. With this study, we introduce a novel camptothecin-based linker-payload platform based on the highly potent camptothecin derivative exatecan. First, we describe general challenges that arise from the hydrophobic combination of exatecan and established dipeptidyl p-aminobenzyl-carbamate (PAB) cleavage sites such as reduced antibody conjugation yields and ADC aggregation. After evaluating several linker-payload structures we identified ethynyl-phosphonamidates in combination with a discrete PEG24 chain to compensate for the hydrophobic PAB-exatecan moiety. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the identified linker-payload structure enables the construction of highly loaded DAR8 ADCs with excellent solubility properties. Head-to-head comparison to Enhertu, an approved camptothecin-based ADC, revealed improved target-mediated killing of tumor cells, excellent bystander killing, drastically improved linker stability in vitro and in vivo and superior in vivo efficacy over four tested dose levels in a xenograft model. Moreover, we show that ADCs based on the novel exatecan linker-payload platform exhibit antibody-like pharmacokinetic properties, even when the ADCs are highly loaded with eight drug molecules per antibody. This ADC platform constitutes a new and general solution to deliver TOP1-inhibitors with highest efficiency to the site of the tumor, independent of the antibody and its target, and is thereby broadly applicable to various cancer indications.