Radiopharmaceutical agents have been an appealing treatment approach since the use of 131I to treat thyroid malignancies. Advances in cancer radiobiology and radiochemistry have brought radiopharmaceuticals forward to the cutting edge of oncology clinical research. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) and its partnering academic and clinical research networks monitor radiopharmaceutical discoveries that might be incorporated into cancer treatment strategies for patients with unmet therapeutic needs. Such endeavors happen through leveraged partnerships between NCI's Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program (CTEP), its Radiation Research Program (RRP), and academic institutions in the Experimental Therapeutics Clinical Trials Network (ETCTN). If innovative discoveries are made, NCI supports clinician scientists to plan new and original radiopharmaceutical phase I and II monotherapy or combination trials. The clinical trial infrastructure needs, such as radiopharmaceutical dosimetry and treatment planning, are now available in government workflow and regulatory oversight. This presentation introduces a modern approach to the clinical development of radiopharmaceutical agents in an era of molecular targets and personalized cancer therapeutics.

Citation Format: Charles A. Kunos. Radiopharmaceuticals and their future in cancer care [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the AACR-NCI-EORTC Virtual International Conference on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics; 2021 Oct 7-10. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Mol Cancer Ther 2021;20(12 Suppl):Abstract nr IACC0601.