Protein phosphatase (PP2A) is a multifunctional protein involved in regulation of cell cycle, DNA-damage response, and apoptosis. LB-100, a novel small molecule inhibitor of PP2A, inhibits the growth of a broad spectrum of leukemic and solid tumor cell lines. In addition, LB100 potentiates the effectiveness of cytotoxic drugs (cisplatin, docetaxel, doxorubicin, temozolomide) and radiation without significant increases in toxicity. The predominant mechanisms responsible for potentiation are inhibition of mitotic exit and homologous recombination repair.
This is an open label, first-time-in-human, multicenter, phase 1 study of LB-100 in patients with advanced cancer refractory to standard therapies. The first part of the study determines the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of LB-100 as a single agent when given intravenously days 1-3 every 21 days. Utilizing a standard 3+3 design, patients (pts) are evaluated for dose limiting toxicities (DLT) through 2 cycles. Once the single agent MTD is determined, the dose will be reduced by 2 dose levels (DL) and combined with docetaxel given on day 2. Escalation will continue until the MTD of the combination is determined. Plasma sampling for pharmacokinetics of LB-100 will be collected on days 1 and 3 of cycle 1 in the MTD confirmation cohort.
The starting dose of LB-100 was 0.25 mg/m2 and 21 pts have enrolled in part 1 of the study through six dose levels. At DL6, pts received 2.33 mg/m2 and no DLTs have been observed. One pt with metastatic colon cancer at DL6 had a grade 2 creatinine after 2 doses that resolved with hydration. This was related to LB-100 and the study was amended to increase the volume and infusion time. One pt on DL3 with stage 4 pancreas cancer had stable disease through 15 cycles of treatment and another pt on DL5 with metastatic thymoma remains on treatment through 8 cycles. Stable disease for 4-6 cycles was also observed in breast, ovarian, carcinoid and testicular cancer patients.
Rb and p53 mutations are common in malignancies leading to chromosomal instability and overexpression of the mitotic checkpoint gene Mad2. PP2A inhibition results in synthetic lethality of cancer cells overexpressing Mad2 which may be a biomarker for LB100 responsiveness. Through 6 DLs, LB-100 has been well tolerated without any DLTs and early activity has been observed with stabilization of disease in a wide variety of cancers. Correlative studies for biomarkers of response are planned.
Clinical trial identifier: NCTO1837667
Citation Format: Vincent Chung, Donald Richards, Fadi Braiteh, John S. Kovach, Aaron Scott Mansfield. A phase 1 study of a novel inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A alone or in combination with docetaxel. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the AACR-NCI-EORTC International Conference: Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics; 2015 Nov 5-9; Boston, MA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Mol Cancer Ther 2015;14(12 Suppl 2):Abstract nr A175.