In the present study, we investigated the role of β-catenin on aerobic glycolysis in breast cancer cells and further evaluated its effects on triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cell migration and invasion. We used two metastatic TNBC cell lines, i.e., MDA-MB-468 and MDA-MB-231, and treated them with β-catenin antagonists (WNT5A and XAV939). Evaluation of glycolytic markers in WNT5A-expressing cell lines showed selective downregulation in the expression of β-catenin, platelet type-phosphofructokinase (PFKP), and lactate secretion, without affecting cell proliferation. Of the three phosphofructokinase isoform, we found that only PFKP expression was associated with decreased survival in breast cancer patients. We also found that the cause of PKFP and lactate downregulation was mediated by inhibition of β-catenin signaling, which is in accordance with the finding that β-catenin signaling positively regulates lactate production. Functionally, we showed that specific downregulation of β-catenin resulted in reduced lactate production accompanied by impaired TNBC cells migration and invasion. Finally, we demonstrated that apart from its inhibitory effect on lactate production, inhibition of β-catenin can also impair TNBC cell migration induced by exogenous lactate via downregulating monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1). Overall, we demonstrated that inhibition of β-catenin-PFKP signaling axis impaired lactate production as well as its uptake from tumor microenvironment (via MCT1), thereby impairing TNBC cells' migration.

Citation Format: Chandra P. Prasad, Tommy Andersson. Inhibition of β-catenin impairs triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cell migration and invasion by modulating aerobic glycolysis components [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the AACR-NCI-EORTC International Conference: Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics; 2017 Oct 26-30; Philadelphia, PA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Mol Cancer Ther 2018;17(1 Suppl):Abstract nr B021.