Overexpression of somatostatin receptors (SSTR), particularly SSTR2, is found in gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NET), and subsets of other solid tumors such as small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). SCLC accounts for approximately 13% to 15% of lung cancer and lacks effective therapeutic options. IHC analysis indicates that up to 50% of SCLC tumors are SSTR2-positive, with a substantial subset showing high and homogenous expression. Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy with radiolabeled somatostatin analogue, Lu-177 DOTATATE, has been approved for GEP-NETs. Different strategies aimed at improving outcomes, such as the use of alpha-emitting radioisotopes, are currently being investigated. RYZ101 (Ac-225 DOTATATE) is comprised of the alpha-emitting radioisotope actinium-225, chemical chelator DOTA, and octreotate (TATE), a somatostatin analogue. In the cell-based competitive radioligand binding assay, RAYZ-10001-La (lanthanum surrogate for RYZ101) showed high binding affinity (Ki = 0.057 nmol/L) to human SSTR2 and >600-fold selectivity against other SSTR subtypes. RAYZ-10001-La exhibited efficient internalization to SSTR2-positive cells. In multiple SSTR2-expressing SCLC xenograft models, single-dose intravenous RYZ101 3 μCi (0.111 MBq) or 4 μCi (0.148 MBq) significantly inhibited tumor growth, with deeper responses, including sustained regression, observed in the models with higher SSTR2 levels. The antitumor effect was further enhanced when RYZ101 was combined with carboplatin and etoposide at clinically relevant doses. In summary, RYZ101 is a highly potent, alpha-emitting radiopharmaceutical agent, and preclinical data demonstrate the potential of RYZ101 for the treatment of patients with SSTR-positive cancers.

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