Small-molecule FLT3 inhibitors have recently improved clinical outcomes for patients with FLT3-mutant acute myeloid leukemia (AML) after many years of development, but resistance remains an important clinical problem. FF-10101 is the first irreversible, covalent inhibitor of FLT3 which has previously shown activity against FLT3 tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance–causing FLT3 F691L and D835 mutations. We report that FF-10101 is also active against an expanded panel of clinically identified FLT3 mutations associated with resistance to other FLT3 inhibitors. We also demonstrate that FF-10101 can potentially address resistance mechanisms associated with growth factors present in the bone marrow microenvironment but is vulnerable to mutation at C695, the amino acid required for covalent FLT3 binding. These data suggest that FF-10101 possesses a favorable resistance profile that may contribute to improved single-agent efficacy when used in patients with FLT3-mutant AML.

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