A limited number of cell lines have fueled the majority of preclinical prostate cancer research, but their genomes remain incompletely characterized. Here, we utilized whole-genome linked-read sequencing for comprehensive characterization of phased mutations and rearrangements in the most commonly used cell lines in prostate cancer research including PC3, LNCaP, DU145, CWR22Rv1, VCaP, LAPC4, MDA-PCa-2b, RWPE-1, and four derivative castrate-resistant (CR) cell lines LNCaP_Abl, LNCaP_C42b, VCaP-CR, and LAPC4-CR. Phasing of mutations allowed determination of “gene-level haplotype” to assess whether genes harbored heterozygous mutations in one or both alleles. Phased structural variant analysis allowed identification of complex rearrangement chains consistent with chromothripsis and chromoplexy. In addition, comparison of parental and derivative CR lines revealed previously known and novel genomic alterations associated with the CR phenotype.


This study therefore comprehensively characterized phased genomic alterations in the commonly used prostate cancer cell lines, providing a useful resource for future prostate cancer research.

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