Ovarian cancer is one of the most common malignancies in women. Tripartite motif-containing protein 22 (TRIM22) plays an important role in the initiation and progression of malignant tumors. Similarly, the transcription factor 4 (TCF4) is an essential factor involved in the initiation and progression of many tumors. However, it is still unclear whether TRIM22 can affect TCF4 in ovarian cancer. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the mechanism related to TRIM22 and TCF4 in ovarian cancer. TRIM22 protein and mRNA levels were analyzed in samples from clinical and cell lines. The effects of TRIM22 knockdown and overexpression on cell proliferation, colony formation, migration, invasion, and related biomarkers were evaluated. In addition, the role of ubiquitination-mediated degradation of TCF4 was investigated by qRT-PCR and Western blotting. The association between TRIM22 and TCF4 was evaluated by Western blotting, coimmunoprecipitation, proliferation, colony formation, invasion, migration, and related biomarkers. The results showed that the expression of TRIM22 was minimal in ovarian cancer tissues. Furthermore, upregulation of TRIM22 significantly inhibited ovarian cancer cell proliferation, colony formation, migration, and invasion. In addition, TRIM22 was observed to regulate the degradation of TCF4 through the ubiquitination pathway. TCF4 can reverse the effects of TRIM22 on proliferation, colony formation, migration, and invasion in ovarian cancer cells. TRIM22-mediated ubiquitination of TCF4 at K48 is facilitated by the RING domain.

Implications: In conclusion, ubiquitination of TCF4 protein in ovarian cancer is regulated by TRIM22, which has the potential to limit the proliferation, migration, and invasion of ovarian cancer.

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