Despite previous assumptions that constitutively high Wnt signaling promotes colorectal cancer in each stage of disease, recent studies have demonstrated that reduced Wnt signaling is associated with colorectal cancer invasiveness and poor prognoses. However, little work has been done to elucidate how diminished Wnt signaling underlies aggressive colorectal cancer phenotypes. Chen and colleagues used genetic manipulation strategies and orthotopic mouse models to show that abrogating Wnt signaling increases colorectal cancer invasiveness and decreases immune responsiveness in vivo. Disrupting Wnt signaling by targeting Wnt coreceptor LDL receptor-related protein 6 (LRP6) with CRISPR/Cas9 or transducing a dominant negative version of Wnt transcriptional effector lymphoid enhancer binding factor 1 (LEF1) increases tumor submucosal invasion and dissemination in mice. Using RNA-Seq, the authors revealed that reducing Wnt signaling elevates expression of markers associated with stemness and a mesenchymal phenotype, while repressing expression of immune-stimulatory molecules and collagens. The authors used TCGA data to...

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