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Immuno-oncology

Studies that investigate the immune system, its interactions with tumor cells, and opportunities to enhance the body's natural defenses against cancer

Latest in Immuno-oncology
Galaxia M Rodriguez, Kristianne J.C. Galpin et al.
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most lethal gynecologic cancer with an imperative need for new treatments. Immunotherapy has had marked success in some cancer types; however, clinical trials studying the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors for the treatment of EOC benefited less than 15% of patients. Given ...
Ainhoa Perez-Diez, Xiangdong Liu et al.
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) promote tumor survival, angiogenesis, and metastases. Although they express MHC class II molecules, little is known about their ability to present tumor antigens to tumor-infiltrating CD4 T cells, and the consequences of such presentation. To answer these questions, we used a C57/BL10 ...
Anne W.J. Martens, Joanne M. Rietveld et al.
T-cell redirecting bispecific antibodies hold high promise for treatment of B-cell malignancies. B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) exhibits high expression on normal and malignant mature B cells including plasma cells, which can be enhanced by inhibition of γ-secretase. BCMA is considered a validated target in multiple ...
Paul A. Hamlin, Vasile Musteata et al.
MT-3724, a novel engineered toxin body comprised of an anti-CD20 single-chain variable fragment genetically fused to Shiga-like Toxin A subunit, is capable of binding to and internalizing against CD20, inducing cell killing via permanent ribosomal inactivation. This study evaluated MT-3724 in patients with ...
Ana M. Metelo, Agnieszka Jozwik et al.
Multiple myeloma remains an incurable plasma cell malignancy despite the rapidly evolving treatment landscape. Chimeric antigen receptor T cells targeted against BCMA have recently shown great promise in relapsed refractory multiple myeloma; however, all patients ultimately still progress from their disease. Lack of CAR ...
M. Jack Borrok, Yonghai Li et al.
The success of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy against hematologic malignancies has altered the treatment paradigm for patients with these diseases. Nevertheless, the occurrence of relapse due to antigen escape or heterogeneous antigen expression on tumors remains a challenge for first-generation CAR T-cell ...
Rachel L.G. Maus, Alexey A. Leontovich et al.
Direct interactions between tumor and immune cells mediate the antitumor effect of all modern cancer immunotherapeutic agents. Simultaneously, tumor cells have evolved mechanisms of evasion, including the downregulation of HLA-I, potentially disrupting the mechanism of action employed by many immune checkpoint inhibitors. ...
Talar Tokatlian, Grace E. Asuelime et al.
Neoantigens are among the most intriguing potential immuno-oncology targets because, unlike many cancer targets that are expressed on normal tissues, they are by definition restricted to cancer cells. Medicines directed at common neoantigens such as mutant KRAS are especially interesting because they may offer the ...
Sophie Wildsmith, Jiabu Ye et al.
Programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1), expressed on both tumor cells (TC) and tumor-associated immune cells (IC), has been shown to be a useful biomarker and predictive of response to anti-PD-L1 agents in certain tumor types. In recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (R/M HNSCC), there is a growing ...
Austin T.K. Hoke, Michelle R. Padget et al.
Chordoma is a rare tumor derived from notochord remnants that has a propensity to recur and metastasize despite conventional multimodal treatment. Cancer stem cells (CSC) are implicated in chordoma's resistant and recurrent behavior; thus, strategies that target CSCs are of particular interest. Using in vitro cytotoxicity ...
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