Purpose:

Progression-free survival (PFS) was significantly improved with nivolumab 480 mg plus relatlimab 160 mg fixed-dose combination (FDC) every 4 weeks (Q4W) versus nivolumab alone in patients with previously untreated advanced melanoma in RELATIVITY-047. In addition, RELATIVITY-020 (Part D) demonstrated a manageable safety profile and potential for durable response with nivolumab plus relatlimab in previously treated patients. Here, we evaluate the clinical pharmacology profile (CPP) of nivolumab plus relatlimab to support the approved regimen for adult and adolescent patients with advanced melanoma and its continued clinical development in solid tumors.

Experimental Design:

The pharmacokinetics (PK) and immunogenicity of relatlimab and nivolumab were assessed using data from RELATIVITY-047 and RELATIVITY-020. Patients with advanced solid tumors received relatlimab alone or nivolumab plus relatlimab as single-agent vials (SAV) or FDC. PK was characterized using a population PK (popPK) model.

Results:

Relatlimab demonstrated nonlinear and time-varying PK. Nonlinearity in relatlimab PK represented approximately 31% of total CL of relatlimab 160 mg Q4W. Relatlimab PK was dose proportional at doses ≥160 mg Q4W. Geometric mean exposures were similar for SAV and FDC cohorts receiving equivalent dosing regimens. No dose adjustment was required for covariates. Incidence of relatlimab antidrug antibodies was <6% for nivolumab plus relatlimab and had no clinically meaningful impact. There was no PK-related drug interaction of nivolumab plus relatlimab.

Conclusions:

The CPP of relatlimab alone or in combination with nivolumab supports the approved dosing in advanced melanoma and the continued evaluation of nivolumab and relatlimab across other solid tumors.

This content is only available via PDF.
This open access article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) license.

Article PDF first page preview

Article PDF first page preview

Supplementary data