Purpose:

In the phase III ADAURA trial, adjuvant treatment with osimertinib versus placebo, with/without prior adjuvant chemotherapy, resulted in a statistically significant and clinically meaningful disease-free survival benefit in completely resected stage IB–IIIA EGFR-mutated (EGFRm) non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We report health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcomes from ADAURA.

Patients and Methods:

Patients randomized 1:1 received oral osimertinib 80 mg or placebo for 3 years or until recurrence/discontinuation. HRQoL (secondary endpoint) was measured using the Short Form-36 (SF-36) health survey at baseline, 12, and 24 weeks, then every 24 weeks until recurrence or treatment completion/discontinuation. Exploratory analyses of SF-36 score changes from baseline until week 96 and time to deterioration (TTD) were performed in the overall population (stage IB–IIIA; N = 682). Clinically meaningful changes were defined using the SF-36 manual.

Results:

Baseline physical/mental component summary (PCS/MCS) scores were comparable between osimertinib and placebo (range, 46–47) and maintained to Week 96, with no clinically meaningful differences between arms; difference in adjusted least squares (LS) mean [95% confidence intervals (CI), −1.18 (−2.02 to −0.34) and −1.34 (−2.40 to −0.28), for PCS and MCS, respectively. There were no differences between arms for TTD of PCS and MCS; HR, 1.17 (95% CI, 0.82–1.67) and HR, 0.98 (95% CI, 0.70–1.39), respectively.

Conclusions:

HRQoL was maintained with adjuvant osimertinib in patients with stage IB–IIIA EGFRm NSCLC, who were disease-free after complete resection, with no clinically meaningful differences versus placebo, further supporting adjuvant osimertinib as a new treatment in this setting.

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Supplementary data