Purpose:

This phase II, multicenter, prospective, single-arm study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of toripalimab plus bevacizumab for treating advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

Patients and Methods:

Treatment-naïve patients with advanced HCC received toripalimab 240 mg plus bevacizumab 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks. The primary endpoints included safety and tolerability and objective response rate (ORR) assessed by the investigator per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1.

Results:

Fifty-four patients were enrolled between April 17, 2020, and December 11, 2020. As assessed by the investigator according to RECIST v1.1, the ORR was 31.5% [95% confidence interval (CI), 19.5–45.6] and the lower bound of the 95% CI was above the prespecified boundary of 10%. The independent review committee (IRC) assessed ORR according to the modified RECIST (mRECIST), which was 46.3% (95% CI, 32.6–60.4). The median progression-free survival was 8.5 (95% CI, 5.5–11.0) and 9.8 months (95% CI, 5.6 to not evaluable) as assessed by the investigator according to RECIST v1.1 and IRC according to mRECIST criteria, respectively. The median overall survival (OS) was not reached, and the 12- and 24-month OS rates were 77.3% and 63.5%, respectively. Grade 3 or higher treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) occurred in 27 patients (50.0%). The most common TEAEs were proteinuria (59.3%), hypertension (38.9%), increased aspartate aminotransferase (33.3%), increased amylase (29.6%), decreased platelet count (27.8%), and increased bilirubin levels (27.8%).

Conclusions:

Toripalimab plus bevacizumab showed a favorable efficacy and safety profile, supporting further studies on this combination regimen as a first-line treatment for advanced HCC.

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