Purpose:

The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the clinical efficacy and safety of serial triamcinolone injections for the treatment of desmoid tumors.

Patients and Methods:

Nine patients were enrolled into this prospective study and underwent three serial ultrasound-guided triamcinolone injections (120 mg) at 6-week intervals. MRI was compared at baseline and every 6 months, out to 24 months. Safety and tolerability were assessed by clinical evaluation and questionnaires, including the 12-item short form survey (SF-12), visual analog scale (VAS), and desmoid patient-reported outcome (PRO) tool.

Results:

At 24 months, 8 (88.9%) patients demonstrated a reduction in the volume of their tumor while 1 (11.1%) enlarged. Median tumor volume change was −26.9% (−81.1% to 34.6%; P = 0.055) All 9 tumors remained stable based on World Health Organization criteria, whereas 2 (22.2%) demonstrated partial response based on RECIST. There was a significant decrease in the tumor:muscle postcontrast mean signal intensity ratio at 6 months (P = 0.008) and 24 months (P = 0.004). There was a similar decrease in the tumor:muscle T2 mean signal intensity ratio at 24 months (P = 0.02). We found no difference in the SF-12 and VAS scores, but there were significant improvements in the desmoid PRO.

Conclusions:

Treatment of desmoid tumors with serial triamcinolone injections appears safe and well tolerated by patients, with a 22% partial response based on RECIST. Further research is needed to confirm our results and determine factors predictive of response.

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