The PI3K pathway is dysregulated in the majority of triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC), yet single-agent inhibition of PI3K has been ineffective in TNBC. PI3K inhibition leads to an immediate compensatory upregulation of the Wnt pathway. Dual targeting of both pathways is highly synergistic against TNBC models in vitro and in vivo. We initiated a phase I clinical trial combining gedatolisib, a pan-class I isoform PI3K/mTOR inhibitor, and cofetuzumab pelidotin, an antibody–drug conjugate against the cell-surface PTK7 protein (Wnt pathway coreceptor) with an auristatin payload.
Participants (pt) had metastatic TNBC or estrogen receptor (ER) low (ER and PgR < 5%, HER2-negative) breast cancer, and had received at least one prior chemotherapy for advanced disease. The primary objective was safety. Secondary endpoints included overall response rate (ORR), clinical benefit at 18 weeks (CB18), progression-free survival (PFS), and correlative analyses.
A total of 18 pts were enrolled in three dose cohorts: gedatolisib 110 mg weekly + cofetuzumab pelidotin 1.4 mg/kg every 3 weeks (n = 4), 180 mg + 1.4 mg/kg (n = 3), and 180 mg + 2.8 mg/kg (n = 11). Nausea, anorexia, fatigue, and mucositis were common but rarely reached ≥grade 3 severity. Myelosuppression was uncommon. ORR was 16.7% (3/18). An additional 3 pts had stable disease (of these 2 had stable disease for >18 weeks); CB18 was 27.8%. Median PFS was 2.0 months (95% confidence interval for PFS: 1.2–6.2). Pts with clinical benefit were enriched with genomic alterations in the PI3K and PTK7 pathways.
The combination of gedatolisib + cofetuzumab pelidotin was well tolerated and demonstrated promising clinical activity. Further investigation of this drug combination in metastatic TNBC is warranted.