Small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) cell lines have been widely utilized as a preclinical model of this highly aggressive disease. However, since their creation decades ago, novel tumor entities have been defined that might clinicopathologically mimic SCLC, which notably includes thoracic SMARCA4-deficient undifferentiated tumor (SMARCA4-UT). Multiomic reassessment of the presumed SCLC cell lines with high YAP1 expression reveals that nearly all of these tumors represent unsuspected SMARCA4-UT.

See related article by Ng et al., p. 1846

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