Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) serve as the standard first-line therapy for EGFR-mutated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Despite the sustained clinical benefits achieved through optimal EGFR-TKI treatments, including the third-generation EGFR-TKI osimertinib, resistance inevitably develops. Currently, there are no targeted therapeutic options available postprogression on osimertinib. Here, we assessed the preclinical efficacy of BI-4732, a novel fourth-generation EGFR-TKI, using patient-derived preclinical models reflecting various clinical scenarios.

Experimental Design:

The antitumor activity of BI-4732 was evaluated using Ba/F3 cells and patient-derived cell/organoid/xenograft models with diverse EGFR mutations. Intracranial antitumor activity of BI-4732 was evaluated in a brain-metastasis mouse model.


We demonstrated the remarkable antitumor efficacy of BI-4732 as a single agent in various patient-derived models with EGFR_C797S-mediated osimertinib resistance. Moreover, BI-4732 exhibited activity comparable to osimertinib in inhibiting EGFR-activating (E19del and L858R) and T790M mutations. In a combination treatment strategy with osimertinib, BI-4732 exhibited a synergistic effect at significantly lower concentrations than those used in monotherapy. Importantly, BI-4732 displayed potent antitumor activity in an intracranial model, with low efflux at the blood–brain barrier.


Our findings highlight the potential of BI-4732, a selective EGFR-TKI with high blood–brain barrier penetration, targeting a broad range of EGFR mutations, including C797S, warranting clinical development.

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