This study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT03676959) is an open, phase I dose-escalation and expansion study investigating the safety and efficacy of the recombinant, fully human anti–programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) mAb socazolimab in patients diagnosed with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer.
Patients received socazolimab every 2 weeks until disease progression. The study was divided into a dose-escalation phase and a dose-expansion phase. Safety and tolerability were primary endpoints of the dose-escalation phase. The primary endpoints of the dose-expansion phase were safety and the objective response rate (ORR) of the 5 mg/kg dose. Efficacy was assessed by the third-party independent review committee (IRC) using the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1).
104 patients were successfully enrolled into the study. Twelve patients were included in the dose-escalation phase, with one complete response and two partial responses in the 5 mg/kg treatment group. Ninety-two patients (5 mg/kg) were enrolled in the dose-expansion phase. Fifty-four patients (59.3%) had baseline PD-L1–positive tumor expression (combined positive score ≥1). ORR was 15.4% [95% confidence interval (CI), 8.7%–24.5%]. Median PFS was 4.44 months (95% CI, 2.37–5.75 months), and the median OS was 14.72 months (95% CI, 9.59–NE months). ORR of PD-L1–positive patients was 16.7%, and the ORR of PD-L1–negative patients was 17.9%. No treatment-related deaths occurred.
Our study demonstrates that socazolimab has durable safety and efficacy for the treatment of recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer and exhibits a safety profile similar to other anti–PD-1/PD-L1 mAbs.