An ELISA based on a pool of United States strains of Helicobacter pylori was compared with a newly developed ELISA based on a pool of Chinese strains. Both assays were tested using sera from 132 Chinese study subjects with biopsy-proven H. pylori infection. Using cutpoints designed to yield equal specificities of 94.9% in an uninfected control population, the sensitivity of the Chinese assay was 100.0%, compared to 97.7% for the United States assay (P = 0.25 by McNemar test). These results suggest that a H. pylori assay based on pooled antigens from United States strains will perform as well in the rural Chinese population as one based on antigens from Chinese strains.
This content is only available via PDF.