Consumption of coffee has been associated with a reduction in the risk of cancer of the colon, and (less consistently) drinking tea has been associated with a reduction in the risk of rectal cancer. The effect of these beverages on the risk of colorectal adenomas, however, has not been well investigated. We used data from an adenoma prevention trial to investigate these associations. Patients with at least one recent large bowel adenoma were followed with colonoscopy 1 and 4 years after their qualifying examinations. Adenomas detected at the year 4 colonoscopy were used as end points. A food frequency questionnaire was administered at study entry and study completion; average intake over the study period was used to estimate the exposures of interest. There was no apparent association between the intake of regular coffee, decaffeinated coffee, or tea and the risk of recurrent colorectal adenomas. The relative risks and 95% confidence intervals per cup daily were 0.96 (0.87-1.05) for regular coffee, 0.97 (0.84-1.12) for decaffeinated coffee, and 1.02 (0.83-1.25) for tea. These negative findings were present both overall and for adenomas of the right and left large bowel.

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