Objectives: The aim of this study was to develop a pharmacokinetic (PK) model that can determine the PK of vincristine (VCR) and its M1 metabolite using concentration data from Kenyan pediatric cancer patients. VCR is one of the most widely used anticancer agents in treating a variety of malignancies in pediatric oncology. Regardless of its extensive pediatric use, dosing strategies for VCR are largely empirical as there is little information about its disposition and optimal therapeutic dosing. Our collaborator, Dr. Jamie Renbarger and her group have reported that CYP3A5 enzyme generates the major VCR metabolite, M1, more efficiently than CYP3A4 enzyme. This finding maybe clinically significant because CYP3A5 expression varies with up to 90%, 70% and 10-20% of expressions in Kenyans, African Americans and Caucasians, respectively. Therefore, it is crucial to monitor M1 and characterize its disposition in humans to provide an insight of inter-ethnic variability in VCR metabolism and clearance. Methods: Kenyan pediatric cancer patients (8 males:8 females, age range: 1-13 years, weight range: 7.0 - 36.6 kg, body surface area: 0.36 - 1.24 m2) were intravenously administered with VCR (delivered dose, 0.4 - 2.5 mg). Blood samples were collected using human dried blood spot (DBS) collection paper via finger prick at various time points depending on the feasibility and duration of patient stay for care in the hospital. Using a developed LC-MS-MS assay, the concentrations of VCR and M1 were measured from patient DBS samples. A PK compartmental model was developed through co-modeling of VCR and M1 using Phoenix (version 8.0). The model was selected based on comparison of quality of fit plots and on the likelihood ratio test on the difference of criteria (-2LL). Results: The best fit structural model for VCR and its M1 metabolite was established. The model consists of a one-way metabolite formation transfer from VCR to M1 compartments. Good correlations were observed between observed and predicted values of VCR and M1 in the subjects used. The best-fit PK parameter estimates were derived from the PK compartmental model. In one subject, values estimated for PK parameters that only our study could derive include: conversion rate constant from VCR to M1 of 0.04 1/hr, M1 metabolite volume of distribution of 51.49 L, and M1 metabolite elimination rate constant of 0.44 1/hr. Conclusion: For the first time, a compartmental PK model that could determine the PK parameters of VCR and its M1 metabolite from DBS samples through co-modeling was developed. The model resulted in a good fit for the subjects used. The model will be validated after further adjustments and could potentially be used to rationally modify future VCR dosing regimen for Kenyan pediatric patients. Further, this modification could be possibly extrapolated for African American pediatric patients. Additionally, using our validated model, we will characterize and predict the population PK of VCR and its M1 metabolite among different ethnic groups.
Citation Format: Lorita Agu, Jamie Renbarger, Diana S-L. Chow. Pharmacokinetic analysis of vincristine and its m1 metabolite in Kenyan pediatric cancer patients through co-modeling [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the Twelfth AACR Conference on the Science of Cancer Health Disparities in Racial/Ethnic Minorities and the Medically Underserved; 2019 Sep 20-23; San Francisco, CA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2020;29(6 Suppl_2):Abstract nr C008.