African American Hereditary Prostate Cancer Study (AAHPC) was developed as a national collaboration to explore the role of genetics in the causation of hereditary prostate cancer (HPC) in African American (AA) men. AAHPC is in partnership with the International Consortium for Prostate Cancer Genetics (ICPCG), which conducts collaborative studies of HPC genetics in multiplex families. As part of an ICPCG sequencing study of 539 affected individuals from 366 HPC pedigrees, we performed whole exome sequencing in 21 ICPCG AA families, of which there were 14 AAHPC affected men from 11 pedigrees. The combined ICPCG AA cohort consisted of N=26 affected members. Post-variant calling quality control (QC) was implemented using Golden Helix SVS 8 software with filters set for removal of variants with Read Depth < 10, Quality Score < 20, Quality Score: Read Depth Ratio < 0.5, Call Rate < 0.75. Variants were additionally filtered by MAF based on the NHLBI ESP650051-V2 exomes variant frequencies for the AA population using a MAF threshold of 5%. Following QC, 176/299 SNVs and 20/39 INDELs remained for further analysis. In these analyses, we focused on 13 known cancer genes (MSR1, AR, BRCA1, BRCA2, BTNL2, EPHB2, CDH1, RNASEL, ELAC2, HOXB13, CHEK2, TP53 and NBN). Three sequenced families had > 1 affected members sequenced (2 or 3 per family) and the remaining 18 families had one member sequenced. Under the dominant model, our preliminary results show that no rare variants in the 13 candidate genes were found in 3/3 affecteds in two families. Rare SNVs in seven candidate genes (AR, CDH1, ELAC2, HOXB13, RNASEL, BRCA2 and EPHB2) were found in 2/3 affecteds for two families and 2/2 affecteds in one family. Several of the remaining 18 affected men (1 sequenced per pedigree) shared the same rare SNV in these candidate genes. For INDELs, rare variants in three candidate genes were found in pedigrees with ≥ 2 affecteds. Several of the remaining 18 affected men (one sequenced per pedigree) shared the same rare INDEL. Additional QC is underway to validate these variants and bioinformatic analyses are being used to predict effects of the variants in an effort to unravel the complex genetic heterogeneity of HPC in AA.
Citation Format: Cheryl D. Cropp, Shannon K. McDonnell, Sumit Middha, Melissa DeRycke, Danielle M. Karyadi, Daniel Schaid, Stephen N. Thibodeau, William B. Isaacs, Elaine A. Ostrander, Janet Stanford, Kathleen A. Cooney, Joan E. Bailey-Wilson, John D. Carpten. Rare variant discovery in known cancer genes from whole-exome sequencingof African American hereditary prostate cancer families. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the Eighth AACR Conference on The Science of Health Disparities in Racial/Ethnic Minorities and the Medically Underserved; Nov 13-16, 2015; Atlanta, GA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2016;25(3 Suppl):Abstract nr B40.