Background: This study evaluates the feasibility and efficacy of a promotora-led, Spanish-language educational group session on cervical cancer screening (Pap tests), self-efficacy (belief in ability to schedule and complete a Pap test), and knowledge among Latina immigrants compared to a control condition.
Methods: The group-based promotora intervention, Salud es Vida, consisted of a toolkit of materials which includes a curriculum guide, a brochure, a flipchart, a short animated video, and in-class activities. Data from baseline and follow-up/post-intervention surveys were used to assess differences in obtaining a Pap test using the Chi-square test of independence and in self-efficacy and knowledge scores using t-tests.
Results: We recruited 38 women to the intervention and 52 women to the control who were due for Pap test screening. After an average of 8 months until the follow-up assessment, twelve (32%) intervention participants received the Pap test and 10 (19%) control participants received the Pap test (p = .178). At follow-up, the intervention group participants had higher total cervical cancer knowledge and higher self-efficacy scores, adjusting for the posttest scores, respectively (p's < .05).
Conclusions: The findings from this feasibility study using a group intervention approach suggest intervention efficacy for increasing cervical cancer knowledge and self-efficacy; however, these secondary outcomes alone were not sufficient to increase cervical cancer screening rates in this Latina immigrant population during the study period.
Citation Format: John S. Luque, Yelena N. Tarasenko, Moya L. Alfonso, Claudia Reyes-Garcia, Laura Rebing, Daron G. Ferris. Efficacy study of a group-based promotora intervention to increase cervical cancer screening among immigrant Latina women. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the Eighth AACR Conference on The Science of Health Disparities in Racial/Ethnic Minorities and the Medically Underserved; Nov 13-16, 2015; Atlanta, GA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2016;25(3 Suppl):Abstract nr A29.