Immigrant Latinas are less likely to be screened for cervical cancer. With National Cancer Institute (NCI) support, we are examining the effectiveness of community health workers (CHWs) at increasing cervical cancer screening using self-sampling for the Human Papilloma virus (HPV, done free) versus clinic referral for traditional Pap Smear screening (nominal co-payments). Out of 455 participants enrolled to date, one site (Hialeah) serves mostly Cuban women (N=152) and the other site (Southern Miami-Dade County, SMD) serves a predominantly non-Cuban Latino population (N=112 plus 39 non Hispanic). Using a mixed methods quantitative/qualitative approach, we examined differences in demographics, cervical cancer knowledge and prevention practices among participants at these sites. Latino participants in Hialeah were younger, more recent immigrants, more educated, insured, higher literacy (SAHLSA), and higher cervical cancer knowledge that those in SMD. Most participants in Hialeah (95%) preferred HPV self-sampling citing familiarity with home based vaginal screening in Cuba and preferences for health services that were free as main reason for choosing HPV self-sampling. In SMD only half the population chose the HPV self-sampler. Cultural discomfort with vaginal self-sampling, preference for a doctor to perform a vaginal exam, and greater willingness to pay for health care services (despite lower SES) were found be major reasons why many women in SMD preferred being referred to a clinic for a traditional Pap smear. This study again highlights major differences in health knowledge and behaviors among different Latino subgroups. It also emphasizes the need for community based health programs to be tailored to the specific needs and practices of distinct Latino communities.

Citation Format: Brendaly Rodriguez, Olveen Carrasquillo, Erin Kobetz, Martha Gonzalez, Tulay Koru-Sengal, Feng Miao, Shelia McCann, Anthony Amofah, Brigitte Frett. A case study on differences on cervical cancer screening knowledge and prevention practices among Latinas at two sites in a community-based participatory randomized control trial in South Florida. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the Sixth AACR Conference: The Science of Cancer Health Disparities; Dec 6–9, 2013; Atlanta, GA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2014;23(11 Suppl):Abstract nr B53. doi:10.1158/1538-7755.DISP13-B53