The Oncotype DX (ODX) assay predicts recurrence risk and demonstrates the benefits of adjuvant therapy in patients with early-stage, hormone receptor (HR)-positive/HER2-negative breast cancer. ODX uptake varies by patients’ racial/ethnic backgrounds and socioeconomic status (SES). However, community-level variability remains unknown, and research regarding the association between testing status and receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy is limited. To fill these knowledge gaps, Van Alsten and colleagues found a 6% lower prevalence of ODX uptake among patients residing in high SES-deprived areas than among those residing in low SES-deprived areas. Among patients with low and median ODX recurrence scores, those who underwent testing were 28% and 21% less likely to receive adjuvant chemotherapy than those who did not, respectively. The findings emphasize the role of social determinants of health. However, to further reduce or eliminate racial/ethnic disparities and SES inequities, we would need sufficient and effective multi-level approaches. These involve lower ODX testing costs, health insurance coverage expansion, re-classification and validation of ODX recurrence scores in patients of minority ancestry, and the development of a faster, more accurate, and affordable test.

See related article by Van Alsten et al., p. 654

You do not currently have access to this content.