Endometrial cancer and its treatment may impact urinary system function, but few large-scale studies have examined urinary diagnoses among endometrial cancer survivors. We investigated the risk of several urinary outcomes among older women with endometrial cancer compared with similar women without a cancer history.
Women aged 66+ years with an endometrial cancer diagnosis during 2004–2017 (N = 44,386) and women without a cancer history (N = 221,219) matched 1:5 on exact age, race/ethnicity, and state were identified in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare linked data. ICD-9 and -10 diagnosis codes were used to define urinary outcomes in the Medicare claims. HRs for urinary outcomes were estimated using multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression models.
Relative to women without cancer, endometrial cancer survivors were at an increased risk of several urinary system diagnoses, including lower urinary tract infection [HR, 2.36; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.32–2.40], urinary calculus (HR, 2.22; 95% CI, 2.13–2.31), renal failure (HR, 2.28; 95% CI, 2.23–2.33), and chronic kidney disease (HR, 1.85; 95% CI, 1.81–1.90). Similar associations were observed in sensitivity analyses limited to 1+ and 5+ years after endometrial cancer diagnosis. Black race, higher comorbidity index, higher stage or grade cancer, non-endometrioid histology, and treatment with chemotherapy and/or radiation were often significant predictors of urinary outcomes among endometrial cancer survivors.
Our results suggest that, among older women, the risk of urinary outcomes is elevated after endometrial cancer.
Monitoring for urinary diseases may be a critical part of long-term survivorship care for older women with an endometrial cancer history.