Osimertinib is an irreversible third-generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) that was initially developed to overcome the EGFR T790M mutation and is used as a standard therapy in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with EGFR-activating mutations. Despite the remarkable initial efficacy, osimertinib, like other EGFR-TKIs, is limited by the emergence of acquired resistance. As the EGFR mutation C797S has been identified as a key driver of acquired resistance to osimertinib, development of a drug that targets this clinically relevant mutation could help improve patient outcomes. Here, we report the discovery and preclinical efficacy of OBX02–011, a reversible fourth-generation EGFR-TKI that overcomes the EGFR C797S mutation. Compared with approved EGFR-TKIs, OBX02–011 showed potent anticancer effects and inhibited EGFR-related signaling in various models, including those harboring the EGFR C797S mutation. In addition, in transgenic mouse models (EGFRL858R/T790M/C797S), OBX02–011 treatment effectively inhibited tumor growth and EGFR activity, leading to enhanced survival. Collectively, these results suggest that OBX02–011 may be a promising new EGFR-TKI to overcome C797S-mediated resistance in NSCLC.
OBX02–011 is designed to target EGFR C797S and can overcome EGFR double and triple mutations to effectively treat lung cancer.