Background. In observational studies, regular use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is associated with reduced breast cancer risk and disease recurrence with evidence that the benefit is greater in overweight/obese women. This parallels findings that obesity is associated with an increase in proinflammatory processes with possible effects on the breast stroma and extracellular matrix. Methods. To assess if body mass index (BMI kg/m2) alters breast tissue response to NSAIDs, we conducted exploratory analyses of change in breast tissue collagen-associated peptides following 6 months of treatment with the NSAID sulindac (150 mg bid) by BMI category: normal (18.5-24.9 n=6), overweight (25-29.9 n=14) and obese (≥30 n=11). Samples for this study were non-cancer core needle breast biopsies from postmenopausal women with a history of hormone receptor positive breast cancer enrolled to study sulindac effect on breast tissue biomarkers. At completion, 36 of 50 patients underwent baseline biopsy and 31 had sufficient tissue for paired analyses. Tissue collagen-associated peptides were studied using whole slide tissue imaging mass spectrometry proteomics. Individual peptide signals were normalized to total ion current and mean peak intensity per area across the entire biological specimen were used to generate a score per patient. Change in stroma peptides was evaluated by BMI status using the Wilcoxon matched pairs signed rank test. Unsupervised hierarchical clustering and heatmap visualization were used to assess differential expression of the peaks. Results. Approximately, 550 peptide peaks were found by targeted collagen tissue imaging proteomics. Striking differences in response to sulindac were observed by BMI. In overweight patients, 6 peptides related to COL1A1, COL6A1, COL6A3 and VIM on database matching differed significantly before and after sulindac treatment. Three were also altered in obese women. Two of the peptides overlapped 10 peptide changes identified in unstratified analyses reported in a separate submitted abstract on the main effect of sulindac on tissue collagen. Interestingly, these peptides were not altered in patients with normal BMI. In addition, on study 15 patients experienced a decrease in BMI and 12 experienced an increase. Two collagen peptides showed inverse relationships dependent on change in BMI status during the study. Conclusion. Six-month treatment with the non-selective NSAID sulindac was associated with changes in collagen-associated peptide differently by BMI status and by weight change. Our findings are most consistent with changes in post-translational hydroxylated proline modifications of collagen variation in the triple helical region. Ongoing work may provide insights on inflammation/adiposity-associated inflammation and effects on breast tissue collagen.

Citation Format: Denys Rujchanarong, Peggi M. Angel, Alison Stopeck, Christina Preece, Pavani Chalasani, Patricia A. Thompson. Evidence that body mass index modifies breast tissue collagen peptide response pattern to treatment with the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug sulindac [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 2021 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium; 2021 Dec 7-10; San Antonio, TX. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2022;82(4 Suppl):Abstract nr P1-10-05.