Background: Breast cancer patients with brain metastases have a high unmet clinical need and improved management strategies are needed. There has been interest in studying CDK 4/6 inhibitors in the management of breast cancer brain metastases. A phase II study has shown abemaciclib to have activity in the management of hormone receptor (HR)+/HER2- brain metastases. Pre-clinical data suggests a potential synergy with CDK inhibitors and radiation therapy. Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is a cornerstone in the management of limited brain metastases. We hypothesize treatment with abemaciclib and SRS will be safe and improve intracranial progression free survival (PFS) compared to abemaciclib alone. Trial Design: The study is designed as a prospective, single-arm, nonrandomized, open-label, phase I/II trial of abemaciclib and endocrine therapy with SRS among patients with HR+/HER2- metastatic breast cancer brain metastases. Treatment will be initiated with one week of abemaciclib followed by stereotactic radiation to sites of brain metastases or post-operative cavities with continued abemaciclib. Safety will be monitored initially by a 3+3 design. If unexpected neurologic toxicities are noted, the dose of radiation therapy will be reduced. This will be followed by a phase II study to evaluate intracranial PFS. Eligibility: Eligible patients include those that are HR+/HER2-, ≥18, ECOG ≤2 with ≤15 breast cancer brain metastases with measurable disease per Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology Brain Metastases (RANO-BM) criteria. Specific Aims: The primary objective of the phase I study is to evaluate the safety and feasibility of abemaciclib and SRS to sites of brain metastases in the management of HR+/HER2- metastatic breast cancer with brain metastases. The primary objective of the phase II portion is to determine PFS intracranially. Secondary objectives include evaluation of extracranial PFS, local and distant intracranial control, and overall survival. Statistical Methods: Safety and feasibility will be monitored in the phase I study using a 3 + 3 design followed by a phase II study to assess intracranial PFS. The phase II study is designed as a single-arm, two-stage trial using the Restricted-Kwak-and-Jung’s method. In the first stage, a total of 21 patients will be enrolled. If pre-specified endpoints are met, an additional 10 patients will be enrolled in the second stage. Patient Accrual: A total of up to 31 patients will be enrolled inclusive of patients in the phase I portion treated at the recommended phase II dose. Clinical trial information: NCT04923542.
Citation Format: Kamran A. Ahmed, Youngchul Kim, Michelle DeJesus, Sasha J. Beyer, Nicole O. Williams, Joshua Palmer, Kristina D. Woodhouse, Rashmi K. Murthy, Jing Li, Avan J. Armaghani, John A. Arrington, Ricardo L. Costa, Brian J. Czerniecki, Arnold B. Etame, Peter A. Forsyth, Hung T. Khong, Daniel E. Oliver, Marilin Rosa, Solmaz Sahebjam, Hatem H. Soliman, Aixa E. Soyano, Michael A. Vogelbaum, Michael Yu, Hyo S. Han. Phase I/II study of stereotactic radiation and abemaciclib in the management of hormone receptor positive HER2 negative breast cancer brain metastases [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 2021 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium; 2021 Dec 7-10; San Antonio, TX. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2022;82(4 Suppl):Abstract nr OT2-09-01.