Gastric cancer (GC) is the 5th most frequent neoplasm and the 3rd cancer with the highest mortality according to GLOBOCAN. GC is often diagnosed in middle aged and elderly people, with a peak in incidence between 60 and 70 years old. In contrast, early-onset GC is the GC had a strong hereditary component. Associations of sporadic late onset-GC and dietary factors have been published but the role of nutritional factors in early onset GC is unknown. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between the intake of red meat, pork, processed meats and carbonated drinks in a group of early-onset GC. Our study was carried out in 19 Chilean early-onset GC patients, aged between 32 and 60 years, and 32 healthy age matched individuals from the same population. Through a survey of nutritional habits carried out retrospectively considering the stage prior to the diagnosis of GC, we determined the amount, type and frequency of ingestion of red meat, pork, processed meat and carbonated beverages. To measure the association an odds ratio and non-parametric association statistic tests were used. For the association of meat intake, we used the WHO recommendation (less than 70 g of meat per day) to classify the meat consumption levels in both groups. An odds ratio of 25.5 (4.8-135.4, p=8.3x105) was determined between the consumption of more than 70 g of meat per day in the early onset GC group vs the control group. Even though there are no international recommendations for carbonated drinks consumption levels, we found a higher carbonated drink consumption among cases (cases: Ave.= 180,7, SD= ±108,5 vs controls: Ave.=43,3, SD=±38,3. P=0033). In conclusion, our results shows significant associations between the consumption of red meat, pork, processed meats, and carbonated drinks in the risk of early-onset GC patients compared with the control group. Our findings, suggest that nutritional factors could play a role in the early GC presentation, acting in conjunction with low penetrance gene mutations. We will incorporate more early onset patients to the study group and do a sex matching for the control group to evaluate this possible confounding factor. We will also incorporate a late onset GC group. We think that nutritional factors could be an important factor to modulate genetic risk, even in early-onset patients. Beca Chile Postdoctorado 74190063 to GM.

Citation Format: Carol Parra, Graciela Molina, Carla Coo, Jessica López, María San Martín, Javiera Siche, Luis Carvajal-Carmona. Association between the consumption of meat and carbonated drinks and early onset gastric cancer in Chilean patients [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2022; 2022 Apr 8-13. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2022;82(12_Suppl):Abstract nr 5943.