Background and Aim: Obese state is associated with increased breast cancer growth, metastasis, and poor overall survival. In this study, we seek to decipher the underlying molecular mechanisms by which obesity/hyperleptinemia reduces the efficacy of tamoxifen. Methods: The impact of obesity on tamoxifen was evaluated utilizing clonogenicity, high-fat-diet- induced obese mice and leptin-treated xenograft-models. Mechanistic studies involved immunoblotting, real-time PCR, immunocytochemistry, chromatin immunoprecipitation assay, phosphokinase array and in silico analysis. Results: Obese mice with hyperleptinemia exhibit increased tumor progression and respond poorly to tamoxifen compared to non-obese mice. Exogenous leptin abrogates tamoxifen-mediated growth inhibition and potentiates breast tumor growth even in the presence of tamoxifen. Mechanistically, leptin induces nuclear translocation of phosphorylated-ER and increases the expression of ER-responsive genes while reducing tamoxifen-mediated gene repression by abrogating tamoxifen-induced recruitment of corepressors NCoR, SMRT and Mi2. Further, we found that coactivator Med1 potentially associates with 48 (out of 75) obesity-signature genes. Interestingly, leptin upregulates Med1 expression by decreasing miR-205 and increases its functional activation via phosphorylation that is mediated by activation of Her2 and EGFR. It is important to note that Med1 silencing abrogates the negative effects of leptin on tamoxifen efficacy. Additionally, honokiol or adiponectin treatment effectively inhibits leptin-induced Med1 expression and improve tamoxifen efficacy in hyperleptinemic state.Conclusion: In conclusion, these studies show the molecular mechanisms by which obese/hyperleptinemic state may contribute to poor response to tamoxifen implicating leptin-miR205-Med1 and leptin-Her2-EGFR-Med1 axes and present bioactive compound honokiol and adipocytokine adiponectin as agents that can block leptin’s negative effect on tamoxifen.
Citation Format: Arumugam Nagalingam, Nethaji Muniraj, Sumit Siddharth, Dimiter Avtanski, Sheetal Parida, Pajamurthy Kuppusamy, Neeraj K Saxena, Nethaji Muniraj. Hyperleptinemia in obese state renders luminal breast cancers refractory to tamoxifen coordinating a crosstalk between Med1, miR205 and Erb B kinases [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 2020 San Antonio Breast Cancer Virtual Symposium; 2020 Dec 8-11; San Antonio, TX. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2021;81(4 Suppl):Abstract nr PS18-32.