Background AZD9833 is a next-generation oral selective estrogen receptor (ER) antagonist and degrader (SERD) that has shown anti-tumor efficacy in a range of pre-clinical xenograft models of breast cancer. The first-in-human study, assessing AZD9833 as a monotherapy and in combination with palbociclib (SERENA-1; NCT03616587), established a dose-dependent safety profile with clinical benefit and target engagement in pre- and post-menopausal women at all dose levels. Here, we describe the design of SERENA-2, a Phase 2 randomized, open-label trial of three different doses of AZD9833 versus fulvestrant. Methods SERENA-2 is a global comparative study of three different doses of AZD9833 versus fulvestrant in post-menopausal women with advanced ER+, HER2− breast cancer with disease recurrence or progression after ≥1 endocrine therapy. The study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of AZD9833 monotherapy once daily at three dose levels, versus fulvestrant monotherapy administered according to its label. Eligible patients will have received no prior fulvestrant or other oral SERD, and no more than one endocrine therapy and one chemotherapy in the advanced setting. Prior treatment with CDK4/6 inhibitors is permitted. Patients will be randomized 1:1:1:1 to one of four treatment groups: AZD9833 75 mg, 150 mg, 300 mg, or fulvestrant. The primary objective of the study is to determine the clinical efficacy of AZD9833 as assessed by progression-free survival, compared with fulvestrant. Secondary objectives include objective response rate, duration of response, percentage change in tumor size at 16 weeks, clinical benefit rate at 24 weeks, and overall survival. Pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamic biomarker changes from baseline, and effects of AZD9833 and fulvestrant on patients’ health-related quality of life will also be assessed. Exploratory endpoints include predictive markers of response and/or acquired resistance to AZD9833 and fulvestrant, including circulating tumor DNA mutation profiling and dynamics, circulating tumor cell enumeration, and analysis of tumor samples. Patient enrollment commenced in Q2 2020, with a target enrollment of 288 patients across approximately 100 sites in up to 17 countries. Efficacy analyses will compare each dose of AZD9833 with fulvestrant. Sample size was calculated to provide 80% power for the primary endpoint. The primary analysis will use a Cox proportional hazards model stratified by prior use of CDK4/6 inhibitors and presence of lung and/or liver metastases to compare progression-free survival in each dose of AZD9833 versus fulvestrant. Another randomized, open-label, parallel-group, pre-surgical study investigating the biological effects of AZD9833 in ER+, HER2− primary breast cancer (SERENA-3) is also ongoing. For more information please contact Dr Mafalda Oliveira at:

Citation Format: Mafalda Oliveira, Maxine Bennett, Ali Khalil, Richard Mather, Rhiannon Maudsley, Sam McGuinness, Christopher J Morrow, Andy Sykes, Li Zhang, Teresa Klinowska, Justin PO Lindemann, Danielle Carroll. A randomized, open-label, parallel-group, multicenter phase 2 study comparing the efficacy and safety of oral AZD9833 versus fulvestrant in women with advanced ER-positive HER2-negative breast cancer (SERENA-2) [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 2020 San Antonio Breast Cancer Virtual Symposium; 2020 Dec 8-11; San Antonio, TX. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2021;81(4 Suppl):Abstract nr OT-09-02.