APVO603 is Aptevo's bispecific candidate targeting 4-1BB and OX40. It was designed to have unique properties with the potential to overcome some of the clinical challenges observed with monoclonal antibody targeting these receptors. APVO603 is engineered as an FcγR-signaling deficient bispecific antibody that utilizes Aptevo's ADAPTIR technology for a distinct approach for dual targeting of 4-1BB and OX40 in the absence of additional effector activity. The distinct characteristics of APVO603 may enable conditional activation of 4-1BB and OX40 via agonism of these receptors only when cross-linked via engagement of the other receptor via cis and/or trans cellular interactions. Thus, APVO603 is designed with the potential to overcome both the on-target toxicity and limited efficacy observed with 4-1BB and OX40 monoclonal antibody treatment in the clinic.

Anti-4-1BB and OX40 binding domains were optimized to increase affinity, function and stability, then incorporated into the ADAPTIR bispecific antibody platform to produce the APVO603 lead candidate. APVO603 was found to augment 4-1BB and OX40 activity in a dose-dependent manner and is strictly dependent on engagement of the reciprocal receptor to elicit 4-1BB or OX40 signaling in vitro. In preclinical assays using PBMCs sub-optimally stimulated with anti-CD3, APVO603 induces synergistic proliferation of CD4+, CD8+ T and NK cells when compared to anti-OX40 or 4-1BB antibodies with a wt Fc, included either individually or in combination. Additionally, APVO603 enhances proinflammatory cytokine production, granzyme B expression, and reduces the T cell exhaustion phenotype. The mechanistic activity of APVO603 resulted in dose-dependent control of in vivo tumor growth in a preclinical humanized murine xenograft model using established murine MB49 bladder tumors in human 4-1BB and OX40 double knock-in mice.

APVO603 is a dual-agonistic bispecific antibody that augments the effector function of activated CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and NK cells in a dose-dependent manner and reduces growth of established tumors in vivo. This preclinical data demonstrates conditional dual stimulation of 4-1BB and OX40 and supports further development of APVO603, a promising immuno-oncology therapeutic with potential for benefit in solid tumors. This program is progressing into IND-enabling studies later this year.

Citation Format: Michelle H. Nelson, Robert E. Miller, Secil Franke-Welch, Ruth Chenault, Hang Fang, Allison Chunyk, Gabriela Hernandez-Hoyos, Hilario J. Ramos, David Bienvenue, Catherine McMahan. APVO603: A dual 4-1BB and OX40 bispecific approach utilizing ADAPTIRTMtechnology designed to deliver a conditional T cell/NK response against solid tumors [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2021; 2021 Apr 10-15 and May 17-21. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2021;81(13_Suppl):Abstract nr LB173.