Background Accumulating data show cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of death in many cancer patients supporting cardio-oncology epidemiology and clinical studies. Although rare, patients diagnosed with brain and central nervous system (CNS) tumours have significant morbidity and mortality. Whether CVD is a major cause of death and if this differs by malignancy has not been comprehensively assessed. Methods We aimed to examine the risk of CVD mortality in patients diagnosed with malignant and non-malignant CNS tumours using cancer registry data in the UK and US. Analyses were conducted using Wales Cancer Registry, UK (Secure Anonymised Information Linkage, SAIL) for 8,743 patients diagnosed from 2000-2015 (54.9% of which died); and the US National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) for 188,526 patients diagnosed from 2005-2015 (40.0% of which died). Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated for CVD cause of death (heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, hypertension, atherosclerosis, and aortic aneurysm/dissection) and adjusted for age, sex and calendar year compared to all Welsh and US residents. SMRs were stratified by tumour types (malignant and non-malignant tumours) and main histologic types (glioma and meningioma). Results CVD is the second major cause of death for CNS tumour patients in SAIL and SEER (9.5% & 12.1%, respectively). Patients with malignant and non-malignant CNS tumours had excess CVD mortality compared with the general population (SAIL SMR=2.64, 95% CI=2.39-2.90, SEER SMR=1.38, 95% CI=1.35-1.42). Patients were more likely to die of CVD compared to the general population regardless of whether they were diagnosed with non-malignant meningiomas subtypes (SAIL SMR=3.13, 95%CI=2.73-3.57; SEER SMR=1.36, 95%CI=1.32-1.40) or malignant gliomas (SAIL SMR=2.08, 95%CI=1.46-2.88; SEER SMR=2.21, 95%CI=2.05-2.38). Patients diagnosed younger than 50 years of age had excess risk from CVD mortality compared to general population than those diagnosed at older ages (SAIL SMR=4.58, 95%CI=2.38-7.84, SEER SMR 2.03-95%CI=1.79-2.03). Patients had greater risk of CVD mortality within the first year after CNS tumour diagnosis in both SAIL and SEER (SMR=2.98, 95% CI=2.39-3.66 & SMR=2.14 95%CI=2.03-2.25, respectively). Conclusion CVD mortality is high among patients diagnosed with CNS tumours compared to general population. Cross national datasets for different histologic types of CNS tumours could help define high risk groups that may be targeted for future prevention and clinical studies to clarify the aetiology of CVD among CNS cancer patients.
Citation Format: KAI JIN, Paul Brennan, Michael Poon, Cathie Sudlow, Jonine FIGUEROA. High cardiovascular disease mortality after central nervous system tumor diagnosis: Evidence from UK and USA population-based study [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2021; 2021 Apr 10-15 and May 17-21. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2021;81(13_Suppl):Abstract nr LB084.